Invasive carcinomas of the uterine cervix of 38 patients were examined for the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) genomes and for the state of the c-myc and Ha-ras oncogenes. A combination of Southern blot hybridization and polymerase chain reaction revealed the presence of the genome of HPV type 16 in 17 tumors (45%), that of HPV type 18 in 3 tumors (8%), and that of unknown types in 16 others (42%), while no viral DNA sequences were detected in 2 tumors. Of the 38 tumors, c-myc amplification was found in only 1 tumor, while there was no Ha-ras amplification. Overexpression of the c-myc gene was observed in 15 (44%) of the 34 tumors analyzed, while there was no overexpression of Ha-ras. Of the 23 squamous cell carcinomas analyzed, relapse-free rates at 24 months were 55% in tumors with c-myc overexpression and 100% in case of tumors with no c-myc overexpression, respectively. The results suggest the possibility that activation of the c-myc oncogene is involved in tumor progression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology