Detection of Fusarium head blight resistance QTLs using five populations of top-cross progeny derived from two-row x two-row crosses in barley

Kazuhiro Sato, Kiyosumi Hori, Kazuyoshi Takeda

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    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance was evaluated in five recombinant inbred (RI) populations. The RI populations consisted of top-cross progeny derived from a diallel set of crosses. Each of five two-row barley lines differing in response to FHB were crossed with 'Harbin 2-row'. FHB severity was scored on an 11-point scale, where resistant = 0 and susceptible = 10, based on the 'cut-spike test'. Disease data were obtained for each population for 2 or 3 years. Linkage maps comprised of expressed sequence tag (EST) markers were developed for each population and used for quantitative trait locus (QTL) detection. Thirty two QTLs were detected using all data sets (individual populations and years). Thirteen QTLs were detected using averages across years; 10 of these were consistent across the individual year and average data sets. These QTLs clustered at 14 regions, with clusters on all chromosomes. At 11 of these clusters, Harbin 2-row contributed FHB resistance alleles. No QTLs were detected near the row type (vrs1) locus in any of the five RI populations, suggesting that the FHB resistance QTL in this region reported in two-row x six-row crosses may be pleiotropic effect of vrs1. QTL were coincident with the flowering type locus (cly1/Cly2) on chromosome 2H in every population. Some QTL x QTL interactions were significant, but these were smaller than QTL main effects. Considering the pleiotropic effect of spike morphology on FHB resistance, future FHB resistance mapping efforts in barley should focus on cross combinations in which alleles at vrs1 are not segregating.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)517-526
    Number of pages10
    JournalMolecular Breeding
    Volume22
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

    Keywords

    • Barley
    • Fusarium head blight
    • Hordeum vulgare L.
    • Quantitative trait loci
    • Scab

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Molecular Biology
    • Agronomy and Crop Science
    • Genetics
    • Plant Science

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