To elucidate the latent state and reactivation of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in non-neoplastic lymphoid lesions, we investigated 144 non-neoplastic lymphoid lesions by in situ hybridization (ISH) to detect the expression of EBV-encoded small RNAs (EBER)-1 and BCRF-1 and by immunostaining for latent membrane protein (LMP)-1 and ZEBRA. ISH for EBER-1 detected EBER-1-positive cells (EPC) in 31 of the 144 examined lesions (22%). EPC were detected in 4 of 49 cases of nonspecific lymphoid hyperplasia, in 16 of 20 abscess-forming granulomatous lymphadenitis (AFGL), 5 of 25 Kikuchi's disease, and in 3 of 3 infectious mononucleosis. LMP-1 was expressed in 6 of 124 non-neoplastic lymphoid lesions (4.8%). LMP-1-positive cells were observed in 6 of the 31 EBER-1-positive cases (19%). EPC were detected significantly more frequently in LMP-1- and ZEBRA-positive specimens than in the LMP-1- and ZEBRA-negative specimens. BCRF-1 was expressed in 4 of 11 cases examined: 2 of 3 AFGL, 1 of 2 Kikuchi's disease, and in the 1 case of atypical lymphoid hyperplasia. This study suggests that Epstein-Barr virus is prevalent and can be reactivated in the lymph nodes effaced by destructive inflammation, such as AFGL. Such inflammation may provide a local milieu that is conducive for EBV to enter the lytic cycle.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Acta medica Okayama|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1996|
- Lymphoid lesion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)