Detection of circulating microRNAs with Ago2 complexes to monitor the tumor dynamics of colorectal cancer patients during chemotherapy

Tomokazu Fuji, Yuzo Umeda, Akihiro Nyuya, Fumitaka Taniguchi, Takashi Kawai, Kazuya Yasui, Toshiaki Toshima, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Ajay Goel, Takeshi Nagasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Because of the different forms of circulating miRNAs in plasma, Argonaute2 (Ago2)-miRNAs and extracellular vesicles (EV-miRNAs), we examined the two forms of extracellular miRNAs in vitro and developed a unique methodology to detect circulating Ago2-miRNAs in small volumes of plasma. We demonstrated that Ago2-miR-21 could be released into the extracellular fluid by active export from viable cancer cells and cytolysis in vitro. As miR-21 and miR-200c were abundantly expressed in both metastatic liver sites and primary lesions, we evaluated Ago2-miR-21 as a candidate biomarker of both active export and cytolysis while Ago2-miR-200c as a biomarker of cytolysis in plasma obtained from colorectal cancer (CRC) patients before treatment and in a series of plasma obtained from CRC patients with liver metastasis who received systemic chemotherapy. The measurement of Ago2-miR-21 allowed us to distinguish CRC patients from subjects without CRC. The trend in ΔCt values for Ago2-miR-21 and -200c during chemotherapy could predict tumor response to ongoing treatment. Thus, capturing circulating Ago2-miRNAs from active export can screen patients with tumor burdens, while capturing them from passive release by cytolysis can monitor tumor dynamics during chemotherapy treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2169-2180
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume144
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • Ago2
  • chemotherapy
  • circulating miRNA
  • colorectal cancer
  • liquid biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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