Detection of changes of high-frequency activity by statistical time-frequency analysis in epileptic spikes

Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Julia Jacobs, Jean Gotman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: A novel type of statistical time-frequency analysis was developed to elucidate changes of high-frequency EEG activity associated with epileptic spikes. Methods: The method uses the Gabor Transform and detects changes of power in comparison to background activity using t-statistics that are controlled by the false discovery rate (FDR) to correct type I error of multiple testing. The analysis was applied to EEGs recorded at 2000 Hz from three patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Results: Spike-related increase of high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) was clearly shown in the FDR-controlled t-spectra: it was most dramatic in spikes recorded from the hippocampus when the hippocampus was the seizure onset zone (SOZ). Depression of fast activity was observed immediately after the spikes, especially consistently in the discharges from the hippocampal SOZ. It corresponded to the slow wave part in case of spike-and-slow-wave complexes, but it was noted even in spikes without apparent slow waves. In one patient, a gradual increase of power above 200 Hz preceded spikes. Conclusions: FDR-controlled t-spectra clearly detected the spike-related changes of HFOs that were unclear in standard power spectra. Significance: We developed a promising tool to study the HFOs that may be closely linked to the pathophysiology of epileptogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1070-1077
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009


  • False discovery rate
  • High-frequency
  • Hippocampus
  • Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy
  • Spike
  • Time-frequency analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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