APC gene mutations play a role in the initiation step of colorectal carcinogenesis in both familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and non-FAP patients. Almost all of the APC mutations are nonsense or frameshift mutations, which truncate the APC protein and are thought to inactivate normal APC function. We show a novel method for detecting nonsense and frameshift APC gene mutations by using Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified APC fragments are cloned directly into yeast expression vectors in vivo, and the yeast expresses a hemagglutinin epitope (HA)-tagged APC peptide. Widen an APC fragment contains a nonsense or frameshift mutation, HA-tagged truncating APC peptide can be detected by Western blotting using an anti-HA antibody. We identified both germ-line and somatic APC mutations in patients with FAP and non-FAP colorectal tumors, respectively. This method, called the yeast-based protein truncation test (YPTT), is simple and fairly cheap, and it can be applied to any genes that are inactivated by protein truncating mutations.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research