Detecting natural influence on surface air temperature change in the early twentieth century

Toru Nozawa, Tatsuya Nagashima, Hideo Shiogama, Simon A. Crooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze surface air temperature datasets simulated by a coupled climate model forced with different external forcings, to diagnose the relative importance of these forcings to the observed warming in the early 20th century. The geographical distribution of linear temperature trends in the simulations forced only by natural contributions (volcanic eruptions and solar variability) shows better agreement with observed trends than that does the simulations forced only by well-mixed greenhouse gases. Using an optimal fingerprinting technique we robustly detect a significant natural contribution to the early 20th century warming. In addition, the amplitude of our simulated natural signal is consistent with the observations. Over the same period, however, we could not detect a greenhouse gas signal in the observed surface temperature in the presence of the external natural forcings. Hence our analysis suggests that external natural factors caused more warming in the early 20th century than anthropogenic factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL20719
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume32
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 28 2005
Externally publishedYes

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twentieth century
surface temperature
air temperature
warming
greenhouses
heating
air
greenhouse gas
trends
climate models
gases
geographical distribution
volcanic eruptions
simulation
temperature
climate modeling
volcanic eruption
trend
analysis
anthropogenic factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Detecting natural influence on surface air temperature change in the early twentieth century. / Nozawa, Toru; Nagashima, Tatsuya; Shiogama, Hideo; Crooks, Simon A.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, No. 20, L20719, 28.10.2005, p. 1-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nozawa, Toru ; Nagashima, Tatsuya ; Shiogama, Hideo ; Crooks, Simon A. / Detecting natural influence on surface air temperature change in the early twentieth century. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2005 ; Vol. 32, No. 20. pp. 1-4.
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