Descriptive study of gender dysphoria in Japanese individuals with male-to-female gender identity disorder

Yoshie Shinohara, Mikiya Nakatsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We focus on Japanese individuals with gender identity disorder (GID), especially male-to-female (MTF) GID, who have experienced difficulty in adapting to social life. We clarify what gender dysphoria is, and we examine methods of intervention. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 individuals with MTF-GID from August 2015 to April 2017. We categorized the subjects' experiences regarding dysphoria into the 'Onset of gender dysphoria,' 'Experience of feeling gender dysphoria,' and 'Changes due to receiving medical care.' The subjects reported experiencing great pain and distress because they did not fully understand that they were experiencing dysphoria and could not align their gender identity and their self-identity. All subjects described their experiences of dysphoria as negative. Additionally, all said that the dysphoria was alleviated by a medical intervention such as visiting a gender clinic, receiving a diagnosis and treatment, and changing their physical sex to the sex congruent with their gender identity. The provision of information at the gender clinic and the physical changes achieved by medical intervention exerted a positive effect both mentally and socially on the subjects, who suffered various physical, mental and social problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-151
Number of pages9
JournalActa medica Okayama
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Gender dysphoria
  • Gender identity
  • Gender identity disorder
  • Male to female

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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