Derivation of a Novel Scoring System Predicting High Platelet Reactivity on Prasugrel in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Yuichi Saito, Takeshi Nishi, Shinichi Wakabayashi, Yuji Ohno, Hideki Kitahara, Noritaka Ariyoshi, Yoshio Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: High platelet reactivity (HPR) has been associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. HPR has been well examined in patients treated with clopidogrel; however, HPR on prasugrel is poorly investigated. Methods: Four prospective studies were pooled, in which platelet reactivity on prasugrel was measured using VerifyNow assay; genotyping of CYP2C19 was also performed. Factors associated with HPR on prasugrel were identified using multivariable analysis to develop a risk prediction model. Results: In total, 180 patients were examined in this study, of whom 51 (28%) had HPR on prasugrel. The multivariable analysis indicated that hypertension, diabetes, hemodialysis, and the number of CYP2C19 loss-of-function (LOF) alleles are significant factors for HPR on prasugrel. These four factors were then incorporated to develop the HHD-GENE score. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the HHD-GENE score predicted HPR on prasugrel (area under the curve (AUC) 0.74, best cutoff value 5, p<0.001). With the best cutoff value, patients with the HHD-GENE score ≥ 5 had a significantly increased risk of HPR on prasugrel than their counterpart (50% vs. 18%, p<0.001). Conclusions: The HHD-GENE score consisting of hypertension, diabetes, hemodialysis, and CYP2C19 LOF alleles may be useful in identifying patients on prasugrel who are at high risk for HPR. External validation is needed to define the clinical utility of this novel scoring system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1625-1633
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
Volume29
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • High platelet reactivity
  • Prasugrel
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, medical

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