Depolymerization effect of water in aluminosilicate glasses: Direct evidence from 1H-27Al heteronuclear correlation NMR

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We have applied one-dimensional (ID)1H MAS NMR, 27Al → 1H CP MAS NMR, as well as 2D27 Al triple-quantum (3Q) MAS NMR, 27Al → 1H heteronuclear correlation (HETCOR) and high-resolution 3QMAS/HETCOR NMR techniques to KAlSi3O8 (Or), NaAlSi3O8 (Ab) and NaAlSiO4 (Nc) glasses containing 0-2 wt% H2O to shed light on the dissolution mechanisms of water in aluminosilicate melts (glasses). An Al Q3-OH group, characterized by 1H chemical shifts of 1.3-1.9 ppm, was identified for all hydrous glasses. Its abundance increases with bulk Al/Si ratio. The 27Al chemical shifts (δ1Al) of this species are 64-68 ppm, larger than those of Al Q4by 3-6 ppm. Despite this difference, it is only through 27Al → 1H HETCOR and 3QMAS/HETCOR, but not 27Al MAS or 3QMAS NMR that the peaks are resolved. This study has demonstrated that depolymerization and formation of AIOH/SiOH is a general water dissolution mechanism for polymerized aluminosilicate melts (glasses), and HETCOR NMR experiments involving 1H are the key to its revelation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1922-1926
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2006


  • Al
  • Aluminosilicate glass
  • Depolymerization
  • H
  • Heteronuclear correlation
  • NMR
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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