Dental resin

Kumiko Yoshihara, Yasuhiro Yoshida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Tooth-colored dental resins are widely used. Dental resins divide broadly into two categories: Chemical-curing type and light-curing type. In this chapter, we discuss the photochemistry in dentistry such as several sorts of curing system and reaction. In order to understand resin materials for dental purposes, two main points have to be concerned: One is "adhesion" or "bonding" to tooth substrates, and the other is "curing" for setting of resin-based materials. Dental resins themselves do not provide bonding ability to tooth substrates; tooth-colored dental resins need additional adhesives before dental resin filling. Without setting through polymerization of dental monomers, resin-based materials cannot stably exist in a severe oral condition. Insufficient polymerization causes dental resin degradation and secondary caries. In order to improve polymerization, initiators for curing and curing devices have been developed to improve polymerization. Therefore, at first the structure of tooth is explained in brief to understand "adhesion" to tooth substrates, enamel and dentin. Then, the history of the development of tooth-colored dental resins and adhesive resins is then introduced. Next, curing systems used in dental resin materials are explained. Moreover, toxicity of dental resin and future research opportunities are included.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotochemistry for Biomedical Applications
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Device Fabrication to Diagnosis and Therapy
PublisherSpringer Singapore
Pages179-193
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789811301520
ISBN (Print)9789811301513
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 21 2018

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Curing
  • Dental resin
  • Photo-initiator
  • Polymerization
  • Teeth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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