Demonstration of five-layer phase-flat achromatic half-wave plate with anti-reflective structures and superconducting magnetic bearing for CMB polarization experiments

Kunimoto Komatsu, Hirokazu Ishino, Hirokazu Kataza, Kuniaki Konishi, Makoto Kuwata-Gonokami, Nobuhiko Katayama, Shinya Sugiyama, Tomotake Matsumura, Haruyuki Sakurai, Yuki Sakurai, Ryota Takaku, Junji Yumoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed a prototype half-wave plate (HWP) based polarization modulator (PMU) for Cosmic Microwave Background polarization measurement experiments. We built a 1/10 scaled PMU that consists of a 50 mm diameter five-layer achromatic HWP with a moth-eye broadband anti-reflection sub-wavelength structure mounted on a superconducting magnetic bearing. The entire system has cooled below 20 K in a cryostat chamber that has two millimeter-wave transparent windows. A coherent source and the diode detector are placed outside of the cryostat and the millimeter-wave goes through the PMU in the cryostat. We have measured the modulated signal by the PMU, analyzed the spectral signatures, and extracted the modulation efficiency over the frequency coverage of 34-161 GHz. We identified the peaks in the optical data, which are synchronous to the rotational frequency. We also identified the peaks that are originated from the resonance frequency of the levitating system. We also recovered the modulation efficiency as a function of the incident electromagnetic frequency and the data agrees to the predicted curves within uncertainties of the input parameters, i.e.The indices of refraction, thickness, and angle alignment. Finally, we discuss the implication of the results when this is applied to the LiteBIRD low-frequency telescope.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy X
EditorsJonas Zmuidzinas, Jian-Rong Gao
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510636934
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy X 2020 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Dec 14 2020Dec 22 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11453
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy X 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period12/14/2012/22/20

Keywords

  • Achromatic half-wave plate
  • B-mode
  • CMB polarization
  • Low temperature
  • Millimeter-wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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