Deletion at Dickkopf (Dkk)-3 locus (11p15.2) is related with lower lymph node metastasis and better prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

Naoki Katase, Mehmet Gunduz, Levent Beder, Esra Gunduz, Mathieu Lefeuvre, Omer Faruk Hatipoglu, Silvia Susana Borkosky, Ryo Tamamura, Susumu Tominaga, Noboru Yamanaka, Kenji Shimizu, Noriyuki Nagai, Hitoshi Nagatsuka

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a frequently occurring cancer, and despite improvement of its treatment methods, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery, the improvement of survival remains poor. Recent advances in molecular biology of human cancer indicated various molecular abnormalities in HNSCC, including activation of oncogenes and inactivation of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs). Dickkopf (Dkk)-3 gene is known as a negative regulator of Wnt signaling and is suggested to function as TSG in several kinds of malignancies. We hypothesized that Dkk-3 might play an important role in HNSCC, too. Thus, in the current study, we analyzed allelic alteration of Dkk-3 locus (chromosome 11p15.2) by means of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis. The study population consisted of 50 patients with HNSCC (mean age of 65 years old). Furthermore, we also examined the correlation between LOH findings of Dkk-3 locus with clinicopathological parameters to investigate its use as a biomarker in HNSCC. A remarkable LOH ratio (57%) was detected in the cases studied, implying that Dkk-3 is likely to be involved in HNSCC carcinogenesis. However, interestingly and in contrast to the expectations, we found that the group with LOH of Dkk-3 locus had less lymph node metastasis, and showed a favorable overall survival compared to the patients with retention of Dkk-3 area in survival analysis. These results indicate that Dkk-3 can play a role in HNSCC carcinogenesis with unknown mechanism. Moreover, allelic loss at Dkk-3 locus may also be used as a novel prognostic biomarker in HNSCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-282
Number of pages10
JournalOncology Research
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Keywords

  • 11p15.2
  • Dkk-3
  • Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
  • Loss of heterozygosity
  • PCR
  • Tumor suppressor gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Katase, N., Gunduz, M., Beder, L., Gunduz, E., Lefeuvre, M., Hatipoglu, O. F., Borkosky, S. S., Tamamura, R., Tominaga, S., Yamanaka, N., Shimizu, K., Nagai, N., & Nagatsuka, H. (2008). Deletion at Dickkopf (Dkk)-3 locus (11p15.2) is related with lower lymph node metastasis and better prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. Oncology Research, 17(6), 273-282. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504008786991594