Dehydrohalogenation during pyrolysis of brominated flame retardant containing high impact polystyrene (HIPS-Br) mixed with polyvinylchloride (PVC)

Azhar Uddin, Thallada Bhaskar, Jun Kaneko, Akinori Muto, Yusaku Sakata, Toshiki Matsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dehydrohalogenation during pyrolysis of brominated flame retardant containing polystyrene (brominated high impact polystyrene (HIPS-Br)) mixed with polyvinylchloride (PVC) was carried out in a laboratory scale batch process. Thermal and catalytic degradation of HIPS-Br mixed with PVC on carbon composite of iron oxide (TR-00301) catalyst was investigated. The thermal degradation of waste plastics (HIPS-Br/PVC) yielded liquid products with 55,000 ppm bromine and 4300ppm chlorine content in oil. Catalytic degradation (4 g; TR-00301) of HIPS-Br/PVC waste plastics at 430 °C produced halogen-free clean oil, which can be used as a fuel oil or chemical feedstock. The main liquid products during catalytic degradation were benzene, toluene, styrene, ethyl benzene, α-methyl styrene, butyl benzene, 1,2-dimethyl benzene etc. The average carbon number of the liquid products produced during catalytic degradation (9.3) of waste plastics was less than that of the thermal degradation (10.4) and the density of liquid products was found to be lower during the catalytic degradation than the thermal degradation. The possibility of a single step catalytic process for the conversion of halogenated waste plastics into fuel oil with the simultaneous removal of chlorine and bromine content from the oil was demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1819-1825
Number of pages7
JournalFuel
Volume81
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2002

Fingerprint

Flame Retardants
Polystyrenes
Flame retardants
Pyrolysis
Degradation
Benzene
Fuel Oils
Plastics
Bromine
Oils
Styrene
Chlorine
Fuel oils
Liquids
Carbon
Density of liquids
Halogens
Ethylbenzene
Toluene
Iron oxides

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Fuel oil
  • HIPS-Br and PVC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Dehydrohalogenation during pyrolysis of brominated flame retardant containing high impact polystyrene (HIPS-Br) mixed with polyvinylchloride (PVC). / Uddin, Azhar; Bhaskar, Thallada; Kaneko, Jun; Muto, Akinori; Sakata, Yusaku; Matsui, Toshiki.

In: Fuel, Vol. 81, No. 14, 01.09.2002, p. 1819-1825.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uddin, Azhar ; Bhaskar, Thallada ; Kaneko, Jun ; Muto, Akinori ; Sakata, Yusaku ; Matsui, Toshiki. / Dehydrohalogenation during pyrolysis of brominated flame retardant containing high impact polystyrene (HIPS-Br) mixed with polyvinylchloride (PVC). In: Fuel. 2002 ; Vol. 81, No. 14. pp. 1819-1825.
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