Dehydrin gene expression provides an indicator of low temperature and drought stress: Transcriptome-based analysis of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

Livia Tommasini, Jan T. Svensson, Edmundo M. Rodriguez, Abdul Wahid, Marina Malatrasi, Kenji Kato, Steve Wanamaker, Josh Resnik, Timothy J. Close

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low temperature and drought have major influences on plant growth and productivity. To identify barley genes involved in responses to these stresses and to specifically test the hypothesis that the dehydrin (Dhn) multigene family can serve as an indicator of the entire transcriptome response, we investigated the response of barley cv. Morex to: (1) gradual drought over 21 days and (2) low temperature including chilling, freeze-thaw cycles, and deacclimation over 33 days. We found 4,153 genes that responded to at least one component of these two stress regimes, about one fourth of all genes called "present" under any condition. About 44% (1,822 of 4,153) responded specifically to drought, whereas only 3.8% (158 of 4,153) were chilling specific and 2.8% (119 of 4,153) freeze-thaw specific, with 34.1% responsive to freeze-thaw and drought. The intersection between chilling and drought (31.9%) was somewhat smaller than the intersection between freeze-thaw and drought, implying an element of osmotic stress response to freeze-thaw. About 82.4% of the responsive genes were similar to Arabidopsis genes. The expression of 13 barley Dhn genes mirrored the global clustering of all transcripts, with specific combinations of Dhn genes providing an excellent indicator of each stress response. Data from these studies provide a robust reference data set for abiotic stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-405
Number of pages19
JournalFunctional and Integrative Genomics
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 30 2008

Keywords

  • Abiotic stress
  • Barley
  • Dhn
  • Drought stress
  • Low temperature stress
  • Microarray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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