Deficient Surrounding Rims in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Atrial Septal Defect Closure

Yasufumi Kijima, Teiji Akagi, Yoichi Takaya, Manabu Taniguchi, Koji Nakagawa, Kengo Kusano, Shunji Sano, Hiroshi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The influence of deficient rims surrounding atrial septal defects (ASDs) in patients undergoing transcatheter closure has yet to be clarified. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of a deficient surrounding rim on the procedural success and clinical outcome of transcatheter ASD closure using an Amplatzer septal occluder. Methods A total of 474 patients (mean age, 46 ± 22 years) with ostium secundum ASDs measuring ≤40 mm in diameter who had undergone attempted transcatheter closure using Amplatzer septal occluders from September 2007 to August 2013 were assessed. A comprehensive transesophageal echocardiographic examination was done to assess the morphologic characteristics of the defects in all patients. Subjects were classified into three groups by the extent and location of rim deficiency (<5 mm): patients without deficient rims (sufficient group, n = 101), patients with single deficient rims, (single group, n = 338), and patients with multiple rim deficiencies (multiple group, n = 35). Results There was a significant difference in the maximal defect diameter among the sufficient, single, and multiple groups (15 ± 6, 18 ± 6, and 29 ± 7 mm, respectively, P < .001). Transcatheter closure was successfully accomplished in 463 patients (98%). The prevalence of procedural success differed significantly among the sufficient, single, and multiple groups (100%, 98%, and 86%, respectively, P < .001). There was no significant difference in the occurrence of cardiovascular events among the three groups during a mean follow-up period of 25 ± 19 months (P = .926, log-rank test). Conclusions In patients with ASDs with multiple rim deficiencies as determined by transesophageal echocardiography, successful transcatheter ASD closure using Amplatzer septal occluders is more difficult to accomplish. However, if closure is successful, rim deficiencies rarely affect intermediate-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-776
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • Atrial septal defect
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Transcatheter closure
  • Transesophageal echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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