Decrease in oxidized high-density lipoprotein is associated with slowed progression of coronary artery calcification: Subanalysis of a prospective multicenter study

Takashi Miki, Toru Miyoshi, Kazuhiko Kotani, Kunihisa Kohno, Hirohiko Asonuma, Satoru Sakuragi, Yasushi Koyama, Kazufumi Nakamura, Hiroshi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: Oxidized high-density lipoprotein (oxHDL) is characterized by reduced anti-inflammatory properties compared with HDL. However, the role of oxHDL in the pathogenesis of coronary artery calcification (CAC), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, remains unclear. We prospectively investigated the association between the change in oxHDL and progression of CAC in a substudy of a multicenter study. Methods: In the principal study, patients with a CAC score of 1–999 were treated with pitavastatin with/without eicosapentaenoic acid. Measurement of CAC with multidetector-row computed tomography and a blood test were performed at baseline and at the 1-year follow-up. In the principal study, the increase in CAC did not differ among treatment groups. In this substudy, patients were divided into two groups: CAC progression (change in Agatston score of >0) and no CAC progression. Results: In total, 140 patients were analyzed. The oxHDL level significantly decreased from 167 (132–246) at baseline to 122 (103–149) after treatment (median [25 th –75th percentile], U/ml) (p < 0.001). The annual change in CAC was significantly positively associated with changes in oxHDL (r = 0.17, p = 0.04), triglycerides (r = 0.17, p = 0.04), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (r = 0.22, p = 0.01) but was not associated with changes in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or HDL-cholesterol. Multiple logistic analysis demonstrated that the decrease in oxHDL per 10 U/ml was independently associated with CAC progression (odds ratio, 0.95; 95% confidence interval, 0.90–0.99; p = 0.04). Conclusions: The decrease in oxHDL is associated with the attenuation of CAC progression, suggesting that oxHDL is a potential target for atherosclerosis prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume283
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Computed tomography
  • Coronary artery calcification
  • High-density lipoprotein
  • Oxidized lipoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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