Aims: The Revised European American Lymphoma classification uses the term Hodgkin's-like anaplastic large cell lymphoma (HD-like ALCL) for borderline cases with features of both anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) and classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). The aim of this study was to clarify the association between cytotoxic molecule (CM) expression and clinical outcome in HD-like ALCL. Methods and results: Subjects were 59 patients with HD-like ALCL, defined by nodal presentation without mediastinal bulky lesions, T- or null-cell phenotype, CD30+ anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)- phenotype and by confluent sheets or nodules of large cells mimicking classic Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells. We evaluated the presenting features and prognosis of subjects on categorization into two defined groups, namely CM (TIA1 and/or granzyme B)-positive (n = 21) and CM-negative (n = 38). The series consisted of 18 women and 41 men ranging from 16 to 88 years of age (median 59 years). The CM+ group had poorer disease-specific survival than the CM- group (P = 0.02) despite the absence of differences in other clinical characteristics. Multivariate analysis confirmed that CM expression was an independent prognostic factor, in contrast to phenotypic categorization (T-cell vs. null-cell group), which had no prognostic impact on disease-specific survival. Conclusion: CM expression is predictive of prognosis in HD-like ALCL.
- Cytotoxic molecules
- Hodgkin's-like anaplastic large cell lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine