Cytokine expression in human dermal fibroblasts stimulated with eosinophil cationic protein measured by protein array

Takamaro Sato, Yoshihiko Soga, Tomoko Yamaguchi, Michio Meguro, Hiroshi Maeda, Joji Tada, Takayuki Otani, Masaharu Seno, Shogo Takashiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) was reported previously to be involved in allergic inflammation with cytotoxic activity. On the other hand, recent studies showed that ECP did not induce cell death but inhibited the growth of cancer-derived cells. Our previous study indicated that human ECP enhanced differentiation of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes and stress fiber formation in Balb/c 3T3 mouse fibroblasts, while the effects of human ECP on human fibroblasts are unknown. Objective: The present study was performed to determine the effects of human ECP on cytokine expression in human fibroblasts by protein array. Methods: The effects of recombinant human ECP (rhECP) on normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDF) were examined by assaying cell growth. Furthermore, cytokine expression of NHDF stimulated by ECP, which could influence cell growth, was evaluated by protein array. Results: ECP was not cytotoxic but enhanced the growth of NHDF. The peak rhECP concentration that enhanced the cell counts by 1.56-fold was 100 ng/mL, which was significantly different from cultures without ECP stimulation (ANOVA/ Scheffe's test, P < 0.05). Array analyses indicated that ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), neutrophilactivating peptide (NAP)-2, and neurotrophin (NT)-3 were significantly upregulated in NHDF stimulated with 100 ng/mL ECP compared to those without stimulation. Conclusion: ECP is not cytotoxic but enhances the growth of NHDF. CNTF, NAP-2, and NT-3 were suggested to be involved in enhancing the growth of NHDF. These findings will contribute to determination of the role of ECP in allergic inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-276
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Cytokine
  • Eosinophil cationic protein
  • Fibroblast
  • Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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