The purpose of this study was to investigate the role and regulation of the CXC chemokine GRO and the interaction between GRO and IL-8 in LPS-induced uveitis in rabbits. Uveitis was induced by intravitreal injection of 100 ng of LPS in rabbits. After the LPS injection, GRO was produced in aqueous humor and peaked at 24 hr. Immunohistochemistry showed that ciliary epithelial cells were responsible for production of GRO. Blocking the activity of GRO by anti-GRO serum reduced LPS-induced aqueous neutrophil counts by 80%, but did not reduce the mononuclear cell counts or protein levels or IL-8 levels. Regulation of GRO production by TNFα, IL-1 and IL-8 was studied. Anti-TNFα mAb alone did not inhibit the 24 hr LPS induced GRO levels, whereas rrIL-1Ra inhibited the GRO production by 58%. The combination of anti-TNFα mAb and rrIL-1Ra inhibited 93% of GRO production. Although treatment with anti-IL-8 IgG inhibited the neutrophil infiltration by 66%, treatment with this antibody did not inhibit GRO production. Taken together, our results suggest that GRO is an essential mediator for neutrophil infiltration in LPS-induced uveitis in rabbits. Most of GRO production is mediated by TNFα and IL-1. GRO and IL-8 act in concert to mediate neutrophil infiltration. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience