Cuticle network and orientation preference of photonic crystals in the scales of the weevil Lamprocyphus augustus

R. Ebihara, H. Hashimoto, Jun Kano, T. Fujii, S. Yoshioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper reports the structural and optical investigations of the structural colour of the weevil Lamprocyphus augustus. The photonic crystal structure within the weevil’s scales was investigated using sequential focused ion-beam milling and scanning electron microscopy imaging. We carefully analysed the reconstructed three-dimensional structure to determine the unit cell of the photonic crystal. It was found that the cuticle network of the cubic unit cell perfectly matches the previously reported diamond-based network. However, different results were obtained for the crystal orientations of the small crystal domains that comprise the entire photonic crystal structure in the scales:,111. directions are highly preferred along the surface normal of the scale. This finding explains the fact that the scale is almost uniformly coloured despite the multi-domain structure. It is confirmed experimentally and theoretically that the wavelength range of the reflection band corresponds to the gap of the photonic band.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20180360.
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Issue number145
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018



  • Photonic crystal
  • Structural colour
  • Weevil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering

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