Current trends in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in children ― Results from the JCDTR database ―

Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Committee of the Japanese Heart Rhythm Society

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are being used with increasing frequency in children. Our aim was to examine the current trend of pediatric ICD implantation in Japan. Methods and Results: Data was extracted from the Japanese Cardiac Device Treatment Registry (JCDTR), a nation-wide registry started in 2006. All patients aged less than 18 years who had an ICD implantation registered between 2006 and 2016 were included in the analysis. A total of 201 patients were included, with a median age of 16 years (range 1–18). The underlying cardiac diagnosis was primary electrical disease (67%), cardiomyopathy (26%) and congenital heart disease (4%), with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (29%) and long QT syndrome (21%) being the 2 most common diagnoses. Implantation indication was primary prevention in only 30 patients (15%). There were 27 patients (13%) aged ≤12 years, with a larger proportion of patients with cardiomyopathy (33%). The indication in younger children was secondary prevention in all cases. Younger children may be under-represented in our study given the nature of the database as it is a predominantly adult cardiology database. Conclusions: In the past decade, ICD implantation has been performed in approximately 20 children per year in Japan, mostly for secondary prevention. There was no increase in the trend nor a change in age distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-55
Number of pages4
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Implantable Defibrillators
Registries
Databases
Equipment and Supplies
Secondary Prevention
Cardiomyopathies
Japan
Therapeutics
Long QT Syndrome
Age Distribution
Primary Prevention
Cardiology
Heart Diseases
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators
  • Japan
  • National registry
  • Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Committee of the Japanese Heart Rhythm Society (2019). Current trends in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in children ― Results from the JCDTR database ―. Circulation Journal, 83(1), 52-55. https://doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-18-0712

Current trends in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in children ― Results from the JCDTR database ―. / Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Committee of the Japanese Heart Rhythm Society.

In: Circulation Journal, Vol. 83, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 52-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Committee of the Japanese Heart Rhythm Society 2019, 'Current trends in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in children ― Results from the JCDTR database ―', Circulation Journal, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 52-55. https://doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-18-0712
Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Committee of the Japanese Heart Rhythm Society. Current trends in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in children ― Results from the JCDTR database ―. Circulation Journal. 2019 Jan 1;83(1):52-55. https://doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-18-0712
Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Committee of the Japanese Heart Rhythm Society. / Current trends in implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in children ― Results from the JCDTR database ―. In: Circulation Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 83, No. 1. pp. 52-55.
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