Current trends and issues in studies of rural depopulation areas of Korea

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rural areas have lost more than half of their population during the period 1970-90. Depopulation rates were about 25% in the 1970s and 35% in the 1980s. As a result, almost all of rural Korea, excluding areas near metropolitan areas, have been undergoing depopulation at rates in excess of 3% per yr. In this paper, current research on rural depopulation of Korea is reviewed with three sub-themes: its cause, the pattern of rural-urban migration, and regional impacts. The main cause of rural-urban migration has been the urban-oriented national policy, the so-called growth centre strategy. The national planners selected a few metropolitan areas as growth centres and fostered a regional disparity. The pattern of rural-urban migration in Korea can be characterized as follows: Single migration and chain-migration has been the mainstream of rural-urban migration in Korea, especially after the 1970s. Seasonal migration is rare. The high selectivity of age and education is conspicuous; rural-urban migrants by reason of educational objectives show a trend towards step migration. The regional impacts of rapid rural-urban migration can be characterized as follows: The elderly and the female agricultural labour force have replaced the young generation, owing to the absolute deficiency of the young labor force. Despite the severe shortage of labour force, the use of agricultural machinery has not been adopted by the peasants due to the lack of financial capability and low cost-benefit efficiency. Rural-urban migration in Korea has never led to an increase in cultivated land-ownership of remnant farmers. The migrants' lands were leased for tenant farming by the remnant farmers at high rent (almost half of the harvest). At the same time, a great increase in landownership by urban residents was witnessed. The increase of tenant farms have brought about the standardization of farm size with an increase in cultivated land of remnant farmers. The lack of labour force in rural areas has led to extensive but partially intensive land use. -from English summary

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJimbun Chiri/Human Geography (Kyoto)
Pages21-45
Number of pages25
Volume47
Edition1
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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rural-urban migration
rural area
landownership
metropolitan area
agricultural labor
farm size
standardization
trend
education
farm
land use
labour force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Kim, D-C. (1995). Current trends and issues in studies of rural depopulation areas of Korea. In Jimbun Chiri/Human Geography (Kyoto) (1 ed., Vol. 47, pp. 21-45)

Current trends and issues in studies of rural depopulation areas of Korea. / Kim, Doo-Chul.

Jimbun Chiri/Human Geography (Kyoto). Vol. 47 1. ed. 1995. p. 21-45.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kim, D-C 1995, Current trends and issues in studies of rural depopulation areas of Korea. in Jimbun Chiri/Human Geography (Kyoto). 1 edn, vol. 47, pp. 21-45.
Kim D-C. Current trends and issues in studies of rural depopulation areas of Korea. In Jimbun Chiri/Human Geography (Kyoto). 1 ed. Vol. 47. 1995. p. 21-45
Kim, Doo-Chul. / Current trends and issues in studies of rural depopulation areas of Korea. Jimbun Chiri/Human Geography (Kyoto). Vol. 47 1. ed. 1995. pp. 21-45
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