Chiral matter has a structure that lacks inversion, mirror, and rotoreflection symmetry; thus, a given chiral material has either a right- or left-handed structure. In chiral matter, electricity and magnetism can be coupled in an exotic manner beyond the classical electromagnetism (e.g., magneto chiral effect in chiral magnets). In this paper, we give a firm experimental proof of the linear electric-current-induced magnetization effect in bulk nonmagnetic chiral matter elemental trigonal tellurium. We measured a Te125 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectral shift under a pulsed electric current for trigonal tellurium single crystals. We provide general symmetry considerations to discuss the electrically (electric-field- and electric-current-) induced magnetization and clarify that the NMR shift observed in trigonal tellurium is caused by the linear current-induced magnetization effect, not by a higher-order magnetoelectric effect. We also show that the current-induced NMR shift is reversed by a chirality reversal of the tellurium crystal structure. This result is direct evidence of crystal-chirality-induced spin polarization, which is an inorganic-bulk-crystal analog of the chirality-induced spin selectivity in chiral organic molecules. The present findings also show that nonmagnetic chiral crystals may be applied to spintronics and coil-free devices to generate magnetization beyond the classical electromagnetism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)