Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station: Overview of the first 100 sols

Javier Gõmez-Elvira, Carlos Armiens, Isaías Carrasco, Maria Genzer, Felipe Gõmez, Robert Haberle, Victoria E. Hamilton, Ari Matti Harri, Henrik Kahanpää, Osku Kemppinen, Alain Lepinette, Javier Martín Soler, Javier Martin-Torres, Jesús Martínez-Frías, Michael Mischna, Luis Mora, Sara Navarro, Claire Newman, Miguel A. De Pablo, Verõnica PeinadoJouni Polkko, Scot C.R. Rafkin, Miguel Ramos, Nilton O. Rennõ, Mark Richardson, José A. Rodríguez-Manfredi, Julio J. Romeral Planellõ, Eduardo Sebastián, Manuel De La Torre Juárez, Josefina Torres, Roser Urquí, Ashwin R. Vasavada, José Verdasca, María Paz Zorzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the first 100 Martian solar days (sols) of the Mars Science Laboratory mission, the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) measured the seasonally evolving diurnal cycles of ultraviolet radiation, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, ground temperature, relative humidity, and wind within Gale Crater on Mars. As an introduction to several REMS-based articles in this issue, we provide an overview of the design and performance of the REMS sensors and discuss our approach to mitigating some of the difficulties we encountered following landing, including the loss of one of the two wind sensors. We discuss the REMS data set in the context of other Mars Science Laboratory instruments and observations and describe how an enhanced observing strategy greatly increased the amount of REMS data returned in the first 100 sols, providing complete coverage of the diurnal cycle every 4 to 6 sols. Finally, we provide a brief overview of key science results from the first 100 sols. We found Gale to be very dry, never reaching saturation relative humidities, subject to larger diurnal surface pressure variations than seen by any previous lander on Mars, air temperatures consistent with model predictions and abundant short timescale variability, and surface temperatures responsive to changes in surface properties and suggestive of subsurface layering. Key Points Introduction to the REMS results on MSL mission Overiview of the sensor information Overview of operational constraints

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1680-1688
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Volume119
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

environmental monitoring
Polymethyl Methacrylate
stations
Monitoring
Mars
sensors (equipment)
sensor
mars
humidity
relative humidity
sensors
Atmospheric humidity
Sensors
air temperature
Temperature
cycles
landing
air
atmospheric pressure
surface pressure

Keywords

  • Atmosphere
  • Mars
  • MSL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Gõmez-Elvira, J., Armiens, C., Carrasco, I., Genzer, M., Gõmez, F., Haberle, R., ... Zorzano, M. P. (2014). Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station: Overview of the first 100 sols. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 119(7), 1680-1688. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JE004576

Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station : Overview of the first 100 sols. / Gõmez-Elvira, Javier; Armiens, Carlos; Carrasco, Isaías; Genzer, Maria; Gõmez, Felipe; Haberle, Robert; Hamilton, Victoria E.; Harri, Ari Matti; Kahanpää, Henrik; Kemppinen, Osku; Lepinette, Alain; Martín Soler, Javier; Martin-Torres, Javier; Martínez-Frías, Jesús; Mischna, Michael; Mora, Luis; Navarro, Sara; Newman, Claire; De Pablo, Miguel A.; Peinado, Verõnica; Polkko, Jouni; Rafkin, Scot C.R.; Ramos, Miguel; Rennõ, Nilton O.; Richardson, Mark; Rodríguez-Manfredi, José A.; Romeral Planellõ, Julio J.; Sebastián, Eduardo; De La Torre Juárez, Manuel; Torres, Josefina; Urquí, Roser; Vasavada, Ashwin R.; Verdasca, José; Zorzano, María Paz.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, Vol. 119, No. 7, 01.01.2014, p. 1680-1688.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gõmez-Elvira, J, Armiens, C, Carrasco, I, Genzer, M, Gõmez, F, Haberle, R, Hamilton, VE, Harri, AM, Kahanpää, H, Kemppinen, O, Lepinette, A, Martín Soler, J, Martin-Torres, J, Martínez-Frías, J, Mischna, M, Mora, L, Navarro, S, Newman, C, De Pablo, MA, Peinado, V, Polkko, J, Rafkin, SCR, Ramos, M, Rennõ, NO, Richardson, M, Rodríguez-Manfredi, JA, Romeral Planellõ, JJ, Sebastián, E, De La Torre Juárez, M, Torres, J, Urquí, R, Vasavada, AR, Verdasca, J & Zorzano, MP 2014, 'Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station: Overview of the first 100 sols', Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol. 119, no. 7, pp. 1680-1688. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JE004576
Gõmez-Elvira J, Armiens C, Carrasco I, Genzer M, Gõmez F, Haberle R et al. Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station: Overview of the first 100 sols. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. 2014 Jan 1;119(7):1680-1688. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JE004576
Gõmez-Elvira, Javier ; Armiens, Carlos ; Carrasco, Isaías ; Genzer, Maria ; Gõmez, Felipe ; Haberle, Robert ; Hamilton, Victoria E. ; Harri, Ari Matti ; Kahanpää, Henrik ; Kemppinen, Osku ; Lepinette, Alain ; Martín Soler, Javier ; Martin-Torres, Javier ; Martínez-Frías, Jesús ; Mischna, Michael ; Mora, Luis ; Navarro, Sara ; Newman, Claire ; De Pablo, Miguel A. ; Peinado, Verõnica ; Polkko, Jouni ; Rafkin, Scot C.R. ; Ramos, Miguel ; Rennõ, Nilton O. ; Richardson, Mark ; Rodríguez-Manfredi, José A. ; Romeral Planellõ, Julio J. ; Sebastián, Eduardo ; De La Torre Juárez, Manuel ; Torres, Josefina ; Urquí, Roser ; Vasavada, Ashwin R. ; Verdasca, José ; Zorzano, María Paz. / Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station : Overview of the first 100 sols. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. 2014 ; Vol. 119, No. 7. pp. 1680-1688.
@article{2d9862a8e1484c26bc9f8591f490fbd1,
title = "Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station: Overview of the first 100 sols",
abstract = "In the first 100 Martian solar days (sols) of the Mars Science Laboratory mission, the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) measured the seasonally evolving diurnal cycles of ultraviolet radiation, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, ground temperature, relative humidity, and wind within Gale Crater on Mars. As an introduction to several REMS-based articles in this issue, we provide an overview of the design and performance of the REMS sensors and discuss our approach to mitigating some of the difficulties we encountered following landing, including the loss of one of the two wind sensors. We discuss the REMS data set in the context of other Mars Science Laboratory instruments and observations and describe how an enhanced observing strategy greatly increased the amount of REMS data returned in the first 100 sols, providing complete coverage of the diurnal cycle every 4 to 6 sols. Finally, we provide a brief overview of key science results from the first 100 sols. We found Gale to be very dry, never reaching saturation relative humidities, subject to larger diurnal surface pressure variations than seen by any previous lander on Mars, air temperatures consistent with model predictions and abundant short timescale variability, and surface temperatures responsive to changes in surface properties and suggestive of subsurface layering. Key Points Introduction to the REMS results on MSL mission Overiview of the sensor information Overview of operational constraints",
keywords = "Atmosphere, Mars, MSL",
author = "Javier G{\~o}mez-Elvira and Carlos Armiens and Isa{\'i}as Carrasco and Maria Genzer and Felipe G{\~o}mez and Robert Haberle and Hamilton, {Victoria E.} and Harri, {Ari Matti} and Henrik Kahanp{\"a}{\"a} and Osku Kemppinen and Alain Lepinette and {Mart{\'i}n Soler}, Javier and Javier Martin-Torres and Jes{\'u}s Mart{\'i}nez-Fr{\'i}as and Michael Mischna and Luis Mora and Sara Navarro and Claire Newman and {De Pablo}, {Miguel A.} and Ver{\~o}nica Peinado and Jouni Polkko and Rafkin, {Scot C.R.} and Miguel Ramos and Renn{\~o}, {Nilton O.} and Mark Richardson and Rodr{\'i}guez-Manfredi, {Jos{\'e} A.} and {Romeral Planell{\~o}}, {Julio J.} and Eduardo Sebasti{\'a}n and {De La Torre Ju{\'a}rez}, Manuel and Josefina Torres and Roser Urqu{\'i} and Vasavada, {Ashwin R.} and Jos{\'e} Verdasca and Zorzano, {Mar{\'i}a Paz}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/2013JE004576",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "1680--1688",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research",
issn = "0148-0227",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station

T2 - Overview of the first 100 sols

AU - Gõmez-Elvira, Javier

AU - Armiens, Carlos

AU - Carrasco, Isaías

AU - Genzer, Maria

AU - Gõmez, Felipe

AU - Haberle, Robert

AU - Hamilton, Victoria E.

AU - Harri, Ari Matti

AU - Kahanpää, Henrik

AU - Kemppinen, Osku

AU - Lepinette, Alain

AU - Martín Soler, Javier

AU - Martin-Torres, Javier

AU - Martínez-Frías, Jesús

AU - Mischna, Michael

AU - Mora, Luis

AU - Navarro, Sara

AU - Newman, Claire

AU - De Pablo, Miguel A.

AU - Peinado, Verõnica

AU - Polkko, Jouni

AU - Rafkin, Scot C.R.

AU - Ramos, Miguel

AU - Rennõ, Nilton O.

AU - Richardson, Mark

AU - Rodríguez-Manfredi, José A.

AU - Romeral Planellõ, Julio J.

AU - Sebastián, Eduardo

AU - De La Torre Juárez, Manuel

AU - Torres, Josefina

AU - Urquí, Roser

AU - Vasavada, Ashwin R.

AU - Verdasca, José

AU - Zorzano, María Paz

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - In the first 100 Martian solar days (sols) of the Mars Science Laboratory mission, the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) measured the seasonally evolving diurnal cycles of ultraviolet radiation, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, ground temperature, relative humidity, and wind within Gale Crater on Mars. As an introduction to several REMS-based articles in this issue, we provide an overview of the design and performance of the REMS sensors and discuss our approach to mitigating some of the difficulties we encountered following landing, including the loss of one of the two wind sensors. We discuss the REMS data set in the context of other Mars Science Laboratory instruments and observations and describe how an enhanced observing strategy greatly increased the amount of REMS data returned in the first 100 sols, providing complete coverage of the diurnal cycle every 4 to 6 sols. Finally, we provide a brief overview of key science results from the first 100 sols. We found Gale to be very dry, never reaching saturation relative humidities, subject to larger diurnal surface pressure variations than seen by any previous lander on Mars, air temperatures consistent with model predictions and abundant short timescale variability, and surface temperatures responsive to changes in surface properties and suggestive of subsurface layering. Key Points Introduction to the REMS results on MSL mission Overiview of the sensor information Overview of operational constraints

AB - In the first 100 Martian solar days (sols) of the Mars Science Laboratory mission, the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) measured the seasonally evolving diurnal cycles of ultraviolet radiation, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, ground temperature, relative humidity, and wind within Gale Crater on Mars. As an introduction to several REMS-based articles in this issue, we provide an overview of the design and performance of the REMS sensors and discuss our approach to mitigating some of the difficulties we encountered following landing, including the loss of one of the two wind sensors. We discuss the REMS data set in the context of other Mars Science Laboratory instruments and observations and describe how an enhanced observing strategy greatly increased the amount of REMS data returned in the first 100 sols, providing complete coverage of the diurnal cycle every 4 to 6 sols. Finally, we provide a brief overview of key science results from the first 100 sols. We found Gale to be very dry, never reaching saturation relative humidities, subject to larger diurnal surface pressure variations than seen by any previous lander on Mars, air temperatures consistent with model predictions and abundant short timescale variability, and surface temperatures responsive to changes in surface properties and suggestive of subsurface layering. Key Points Introduction to the REMS results on MSL mission Overiview of the sensor information Overview of operational constraints

KW - Atmosphere

KW - Mars

KW - MSL

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930953612&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930953612&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/2013JE004576

DO - 10.1002/2013JE004576

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84930953612

VL - 119

SP - 1680

EP - 1688

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research

SN - 0148-0227

IS - 7

ER -