Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station: Overview of the first 100 sols

Javier Gõmez-Elvira, Carlos Armiens, Isaías Carrasco, Maria Genzer, Felipe Gõmez, Robert Haberle, Victoria E. Hamilton, Ari Matti Harri, Henrik Kahanpää, Osku Kemppinen, Alain Lepinette, Javier Martín Soler, Javier Martín-Torres, Jesús Martínez-Frías, Michael Mischna, Luis Mora, Sara Navarro, Claire Newman, Miguel A. De Pablo, Verõnica PeinadoJouni Polkko, Scot C.R. Rafkin, Miguel Ramos, Nilton O. Rennõ, Mark Richardson, José A. Rodríguez-Manfredi, Julio J. Romeral Planellõ, Eduardo Sebastián, Manuel De La Torre Juárez, Josefina Torres, Roser Urquí, Ashwin R. Vasavada, José Verdasca, María Paz Zorzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the first 100 Martian solar days (sols) of the Mars Science Laboratory mission, the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) measured the seasonally evolving diurnal cycles of ultraviolet radiation, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, ground temperature, relative humidity, and wind within Gale Crater on Mars. As an introduction to several REMS-based articles in this issue, we provide an overview of the design and performance of the REMS sensors and discuss our approach to mitigating some of the difficulties we encountered following landing, including the loss of one of the two wind sensors. We discuss the REMS data set in the context of other Mars Science Laboratory instruments and observations and describe how an enhanced observing strategy greatly increased the amount of REMS data returned in the first 100 sols, providing complete coverage of the diurnal cycle every 4 to 6 sols. Finally, we provide a brief overview of key science results from the first 100 sols. We found Gale to be very dry, never reaching saturation relative humidities, subject to larger diurnal surface pressure variations than seen by any previous lander on Mars, air temperatures consistent with model predictions and abundant short timescale variability, and surface temperatures responsive to changes in surface properties and suggestive of subsurface layering. Key Points Introduction to the REMS results on MSL mission Overiview of the sensor information Overview of operational constraints

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1680-1688
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Volume119
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atmosphere
  • MSL
  • Mars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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    Gõmez-Elvira, J., Armiens, C., Carrasco, I., Genzer, M., Gõmez, F., Haberle, R., Hamilton, V. E., Harri, A. M., Kahanpää, H., Kemppinen, O., Lepinette, A., Martín Soler, J., Martín-Torres, J., Martínez-Frías, J., Mischna, M., Mora, L., Navarro, S., Newman, C., De Pablo, M. A., ... Zorzano, M. P. (2014). Curiosity's rover environmental monitoring station: Overview of the first 100 sols. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 119(7), 1680-1688. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JE004576