Curative treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations by embolisation using cellulose acetate polymer followed by surgical resection

Koji Tokunaga, Kazushi Kinugasa, Toshinari Meguro, Kenji Sugiu, Hiroyuki Nakashima, Shinya Mandai, Takashi Ohmoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To investigate the usefulness of embolising cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with a cellulose acetate polymer solution before surgical resection. Methods: The cases of 12 patients with AVMs treated by embolisation before surgical resection were renewed. Two types of cellulose acetate polymer solutions were used to occlude 40 feeding vessels. All patients underwent surgical resection 1-51 days after embolisation. Results: Reduction of the nidus volume after embolisation ranged from 20% to nearly 100%. Transient neurological deficits occurred in three patients, persistent deficits occurred in one and there were no haemorrhagic complications. All but one arteriovenous malformation were completely resected. Embolisation helped to identify feeding vessels and ease dissection. Histopathological examination of resected specimens disclosed mild inflammatory reactions in the acute stage and no unfavourable granulomatous changes in the chronic stage. Conclusion: Embolisation with cellulose acetate polymer solutions followed by surgical resection is safe and efficacious for treating cerebral AVMs. (C) 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Issue numberSUUP. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2000



  • Cellulose acetate polymer
  • Cerebral arteriovenous malformation
  • Embolisation
  • Endovascular neurosurgery
  • Intervention neuroradiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology

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