Cultural aspects as a root cause of organizational failure in risk and crisis management in the Fukushima Daiichi disaster

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Abstract

This study explores root causes of the Fukushima Daiichi disaster and discusses how an urgent situation, such as a station blackout (SBO), should be addressed on an organizational and managerial level so that future disasters may be prevented. First, based on the summary of the literature on this disaster, the malfunctions and troubles of facilities that caused the disaster are extracted. Second, it is verified that these malfunctions were caused by failures of organizational risk and crisis management. Third, we discuss the reason why an organizational failure in risk and crisis management occurred from the viewpoints of cultural aspects such as groupism (“Wa”), obedience to authority, willful blindness, open safety culture, and just culture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105091
JournalSafety Science
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Crisis management
  • Culture of silence
  • Fukushima Daiichi disaster
  • Groupism (“Wa”)
  • Just culture
  • Organizational failure
  • Risk management
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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