Crystal structure of a new high pressure polymorph of Na2Si2O5

Bernard D. Santarsiero, Xianyu Xue, Masami Kanzaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Information on the composition and structure of liquid silicates is of substantial importance in an effort to understand the bulk chemical and physical properties of magmas. Typically the best known and most fundamental aspect of these structures is the regular coordination of silicon by four oxygen atoms (SiIV) in a tetrahedral fashion. This is the geologically important coordination in silicon glasses and melts at ambient pressures and temperatures. However, at pressures that are present throughout much of the earth's interior, the coordination of silicon varies, leading to the higher coordination number of six, with SiVI, in an octahedral environment. We have prepared two new high pressure polymorphs of Na2Si2O5, and have characterized them by x-ray diffraction, 29Si MAS NMR, and Raman spectroscopy. The crystal structure of the ζ-phase of Na2Si2O5, synthesized at 8 GPa and 1200°C, has been determined by single-crystal x-ray diffraction. The unit cell is rhombohedral, with the hexagonal cell parameters of a = 9.899(1) angstrom and c = 13.009(1) angstrom. The principal feature of the structure of the ζ-phase is the six (SiIV) tetrahedra surrounding the SiVI atoms in an octahedral manner. Comparison will be made to other structures, like that of garnet-MSiO3, wadeite-K2Si4O9, or silicon phosphates like SiP2O7.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransactions of the American Crystallographic Association
EditorsAdrian C. Wright
PublisherPubl by American Crystallographic Assoc
Pages279-283
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)0937140368
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1991
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the Symposium on The Structural Chemistry of Silicates - Toledo, OH, USA
Duration: Jul 22 1991Jul 24 1991

Publication series

NameTransactions of the American Crystallographic Association
Volume27
ISSN (Print)0065-8006

Other

OtherProceedings of the Symposium on The Structural Chemistry of Silicates
CityToledo, OH, USA
Period7/22/917/24/91

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Santarsiero, B. D., Xue, X., & Kanzaki, M. (1991). Crystal structure of a new high pressure polymorph of Na2Si2O5. In A. C. Wright (Ed.), Transactions of the American Crystallographic Association (pp. 279-283). (Transactions of the American Crystallographic Association; Vol. 27). Publ by American Crystallographic Assoc.