Cryphonectria nitschkei chrysovirus 1 with unique molecular features and a very narrow host range

Sabitree Shahi, Sotaro Chiba, Hideki Kondo, Nobuhiro Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cryphonectria nitschkei chrysovirus 1 (CnCV1), was described earlier from an ascomycetous fungus, Cryphonectria nitschkei strain OB5/11, collected in Japan; its partial sequence was reported a decade ago. Complete sequencing of the four genomic dsRNA segments revealed molecular features similar to but distinct from previously reported members of the family Chrysoviridae. Unique features include the presence of a mini-cistron preceding the major large open reading frame in each genomic segment. Common features include the presence of CAA repeats in the 5′-untranslated regions and conserved terminal sequences. CnCV1-OB5/11 could be laterally transferred to C. nitschkei and its relatives C. radicalis and C. naterciae via coculturing, virion transfection and protoplast fusion, but not to fungal species other than the three species mentioned above, even within the genus Cryphonectria, suggesting a very narrow host range. Phenotypic comparison of a few sets of CnCV1-infected and -free isogenic strains showed symptomless infection in new hosts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-65
Number of pages11
JournalVirology
Volume554
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Chrysovirus
  • Cryphonectria nitschkei
  • Cryphonectria parasitica
  • Cryphonectria radicalis
  • Fungal virus
  • Host range
  • dsRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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