Cross-Reactivity to Olive Tree Pollen and Orchard Grass Pollen in Patients with Pollinosis

Satoko Miyahara, Michihiro Nakada, Kazunori Nishizaki, Yasuyuki Kawarai, Keiko Nishioka, Hiroo Hino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied 92 patients with allergic rhinitis in Syodoshima, Japan, during the pollen season between April and June to evaluate the cross-reactivity to different antigens, including pollen from the olive tree (Olea europaea) and orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata). Olive tree pollen was present in the atmosphere for 23 days, from May 19 to June 12, 1994. Specific IgE antibodies for olive tree pollen antigen were present in 21 (26.9%) of the 78 patients with allergic rhinitis. Nine (24.3%) of the 37 patients with allergic rhinitis exhibited positive skin reactivity to an extract of olive tree pollen. Fifteen (88.2 %) of the 17 patients who had IgE reactivity in their sera to olive tree pollen antigen demonstrated allergic reactions to an extract of olive tree pollen. Specific IgE antibodies for orchard grass pollen antigen were present in 43 (48.3%) of the 89 patients with allergic rhinitis and 20 (95.2%) of the 21 patients who had IgE reactivity in their sera to olive tree pollen antigen. The inhibition test using the CAP System revealed that the reactivity of the IgE antibody specific for olive tree pollen antigen was inhibited dose-dependently by an extract of orchard grass pollen. These findings show that there is a reaction in some patients with grass (Gramineae) pollinosis that might be induced by olive tree pollen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-171
Number of pages5
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume51
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1997

Keywords

  • Cross-reactivity
  • Grass pollen
  • Olive tree pollen
  • Orchard grass
  • Pollinosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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