Cross-cultural difference of free agency (FA) system between MLB and NPB (nippon professional baseball)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study explored FA system of MLB and NPB, and summarized the cross-cultural difference of FA between MLB and NPB. First, the cognitive biases that are observed in common to both leagues were discussed from the viewpoint of our propensity to inaccurately predict the future. Second, the cross-cultural difference was discussed from the two viewpoints: (1) difference of mindset between two leagues, and (2) difference of authority of commissioner between two leagues. Finally, it was proposed how inefficiencies in baseball markets in sports management (failure in FA) should be avoided for the coexistence of teams and the prosperity of the league.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Social and Occupational Ergonomics - Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics
EditorsAtsuo Murata, Richard H.M. Goossens
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9783030201449
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020
EventAHFE International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, 2019 - Washington D.C., United States
Duration: Jul 24 2019Jul 28 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
ISSN (Print)2194-5357


ConferenceAHFE International Conference on Social and Occupational Ergonomics, 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington D.C.


  • Authority of commissioner
  • Cross-cultural difference
  • FA
  • Handicapped competition
  • Inaccurate prediction of future
  • MLB
  • NPB
  • Wa (harmony)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science(all)

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