Critical point and the nature of the pseudogap of single-layered copper-oxide Bi2Sr2-xLaxCuO6+δ superconductors

Guo Qing Zheng, P. L. Kuhns, A. P. Reyes, B. Liang, C. T. Lin

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Abstract

We apply strong magnetic fields of H = 28.5 to 43 T to suppress superconductivity (SC) in the cuprates Bi2Sr2-xLa xCuO6+δ (x = 0.65, 0.40, 0.25, 0.15, and 0), and investigate the low temperature (T) normal state by 63Cu nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate (l/T1) measurements. We find that the pseudogap (PG) phase persists deep inside the overdoped region but terminates at x ∼ 0.05, which corresponds to the hole doping concentration of approximately 0.21. Beyond this critical point, the normal state is a Fermi liquid that persists as the ground state when superconductivity is removed by the magnetic field. A comparison of the superconducting state with the H-induced normal state in the x = 0.40 (Tc = 32 K) sample indicates that there remains substantial part of the Fermi surface even in the fully developed PG state, which suggests that the PG and SC are coexisting matters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number047006
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume94
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 4 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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