Cripto-1 (CR-1), a member of the epidermal growth factor-CFC peptide family, activates the ras/raf/mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal- regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. In the present study, the role of CR-1 in the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K)/AKT (protein kinase B)/glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β)dependent signaling pathway was evaluated in human SiHa cervical carcinoma cells. Our data demonstrate that CR-1 can enhance the tyrosine phosphorylation of the p85 regulatory subunit of PI3K and transiently induce the phosphorylation of AKT in a time- and dose-dependent manner. In addition, CR-1 was found to induce the phosphorylation of GSK-3β. Phosphorylation of AKT and GSK-3β by CR-1 can be blocked by LY294002, a specific inhibitor of PI3K, thus leading to apoptosis. Finally, the apoptotic effect of LY294002 can be partially rescued by exogenous CR-1. In summary, our data suggest that human CR-1 may function as a survival factor through a PI3K-dependent signaling pathway involving AKT and GSK-3β.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research