Crack penetration layer in a single point diamond grinding of sintered silicon nitride

Toshikatsu Nakajima, Kazuhito Ohashi, Naoyuki Okamoto, Hirotaka Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper is to get fundamental informations for estimating depth of crack layer under ground surface of sintered silicon nitride which is one of typical engineering ceramics. This paper proposes a estimation method of the depth of crack layer generated in a transitional cutting process, which is a fundamental phenomenon in grinding process, with a single point diamond, as a function of normal cutting force, generated groove depth, Poisson's ratio, fracture toughness and a characteristic parameter of affected structure zone based on linear fracture mechanics. And the rule of the characteristic parameter, which is decided by interference type of cutting edge, is experimentally found out. The characteristic parameter decreases with increasing groove depth in conformity with the exponential function determined by indentation characteristic and nose radius of cutting edge in spherical interference region, and it turns to constant at critical interference depth according to vertical angle of cutting edge. By applying the method in each cutting phenomenon of a cutting edge in grinding of silicon nitride, the depth of remained crack layer in a grinding process can be estimated and grinding conditions or stock removal in successive grinding process can reasonably be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1330-1334
Number of pages5
JournalSeimitsu Kogaku Kaishi/Journal of the Japan Society for Precision Engineering
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Characteristic parameter
  • Crack
  • Crack layer
  • Fracture toughness
  • Groove depth
  • Linear fracture mechanics
  • Normal cutting force
  • Single point diamond grinding
  • Sintered silicon nitride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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