Cost-Effectiveness of Trastuzumab With or Without Chemotherapy as Adjuvant Therapy in HER2-Positive Elderly Breast Cancer Patients: A Randomized, Open-Label Clinical Trial, the RESPECT Trial

Yuki Takumoto, Takeru Shiroiwa, Kojiro Shimozuma, Hiroji Iwata, Masato Takahashi, Shinichi Baba, Kokoro Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Hagiwara, Takuya Kawahara, Yukari Uemura, Hirofumi Mukai, Naruto Taira, Masataka Sawaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objective: Trastuzumab is a standard care as adjuvant chemotherapy (AdjCT) for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive primary breast cancer (BC) in Japan. However, no reports have evaluated its economics for patients with HER2-positive BC over 70 years of age. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of HER2-targeted trastuzumab + chemotherapy in Japan, comparing it with trastuzumab monotherapy. Methods: A three-state-partitioned survival model was developed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of trastuzumab + chemotherapy versus trastuzumab monotherapy for AdjCT in elderly patients with HER2-positive BC. We derived the efficacy data, utilities, and costs of both arms from individual patient data in the RESPECT trial (NCT01104935) and published studies. The costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were discounted at 2% per annum using a payer perspective. The respective cost estimates were reported in 2019 Japanese Yen (JPY) or US dollars (US$). The primary outcome was the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). We assured robustness with deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses. Results: The cost per patient for trastuzumab + chemotherapy was JPY 14.6 million (US$137,000), and their QALYs were 9.308, compared with JPY 14.2 million (US$131,000) and 9.101, respectively, for trastuzumab monotherapy. The ICER of trastuzumab + chemotherapy versus trastuzumab monotherapy was JPY 2.7 milllion/QALY (US$17,200/QALY). The ICER for trastuzumab with chemotherapy varied from "Dominant" to "Dominated" in one-way sensitivity analysis. Conclusions: The base-case analysis suggests that AdjCT with trastuzumab + chemotherapy is likely to be a cost-effective choice for patients with HER2-positive BC aged 70 years or older. However, the sensitivity analysis suggested uncertainty regarding the cost-effectiveness of trastuzumab + chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-262
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Drug Investigation
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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