Correlation of carbonization condition with metallic property of sodium clusters formed in hard carbon studied using 23 Na nuclear magnetic resonance

Ryohei Morita, Kazuma Gotoh, Kei Kubota, Shinichi Komaba, Kenjiro Hashi, Tadashi Shimizu, Hiroyuki Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Abstract

The metallic property of sodium clusters stored in hard carbon (HC) was investigated by 23 Na NMR using various HC samples prepared over a range of dehydration and carbonization temperatures. The fully sodiated sample prepared at higher carbonization temperature shows a higher 23 Na NMR shift associated with Na clusters. Na in HC prepared at 2000 °C shows almost the same shift as sodium metal. A higher dehydration temperature of the precursor is favorable to form Na clusters with the higher shift, which implies that the HC pore structure is influenced by not only carbonization temperature but also the heat treatment process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-715
Number of pages4
JournalCarbon
Volume145
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

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Carbonization
Carbon
Sodium
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Dehydration
Temperature
Pore structure
Metals
Heat treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Correlation of carbonization condition with metallic property of sodium clusters formed in hard carbon studied using 23 Na nuclear magnetic resonance . / Morita, Ryohei; Gotoh, Kazuma; Kubota, Kei; Komaba, Shinichi; Hashi, Kenjiro; Shimizu, Tadashi; Ishida, Hiroyuki.

In: Carbon, Vol. 145, 01.04.2019, p. 712-715.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

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AU - Morita, Ryohei

AU - Gotoh, Kazuma

AU - Kubota, Kei

AU - Komaba, Shinichi

AU - Hashi, Kenjiro

AU - Shimizu, Tadashi

AU - Ishida, Hiroyuki

PY - 2019/4/1

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N2 - The metallic property of sodium clusters stored in hard carbon (HC) was investigated by 23 Na NMR using various HC samples prepared over a range of dehydration and carbonization temperatures. The fully sodiated sample prepared at higher carbonization temperature shows a higher 23 Na NMR shift associated with Na clusters. Na in HC prepared at 2000 °C shows almost the same shift as sodium metal. A higher dehydration temperature of the precursor is favorable to form Na clusters with the higher shift, which implies that the HC pore structure is influenced by not only carbonization temperature but also the heat treatment process.

AB - The metallic property of sodium clusters stored in hard carbon (HC) was investigated by 23 Na NMR using various HC samples prepared over a range of dehydration and carbonization temperatures. The fully sodiated sample prepared at higher carbonization temperature shows a higher 23 Na NMR shift associated with Na clusters. Na in HC prepared at 2000 °C shows almost the same shift as sodium metal. A higher dehydration temperature of the precursor is favorable to form Na clusters with the higher shift, which implies that the HC pore structure is influenced by not only carbonization temperature but also the heat treatment process.

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