Correlation between periodontal status and biting force in patients with chronic periodontitis during the maintenance phase of therapy

Noriko Takeuchi, Tatsuo Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The association between periodontal status and biting force is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between periodontal status and biting force in patients with chronic periodontitis during the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment. Material and Methods: A total of 198 patients, who had entered a periodontal maintenance programme, were examined for the presence of restorations on the occlusal surface, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss (CAL), bleeding on probing, and mobility of teeth. Quantitative analysis of total biting force, occlusal contact area and biting pressure (defined by biting force per 1 mm2 of occlusal contact area) was performed using microcapsular pressure-sensitive sheets. Results: A multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that total biting force and occlusal contact area were positively associated with the number of present teeth and negatively associated with female gender, mean CAL and mean probing pocket depth. Biting pressure was positively associated with CAL. Conclusions: Reduced periodontal support was found to be associated with decreased total biting force and with increased biting pressure (defined as force per 1 mm 2 of occlusal contact area).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-220
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008

Fingerprint

Chronic Periodontitis
Maintenance
Bite Force
Pressure
Tooth Mobility
Therapeutics
Tooth
Regression Analysis
Hemorrhage

Keywords

  • Biting force
  • Biting pressure
  • Maintenance phase
  • Occlusal contact area
  • Periodontal treatment
  • Periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Correlation between periodontal status and biting force in patients with chronic periodontitis during the maintenance phase of therapy",
abstract = "Aim: The association between periodontal status and biting force is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between periodontal status and biting force in patients with chronic periodontitis during the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment. Material and Methods: A total of 198 patients, who had entered a periodontal maintenance programme, were examined for the presence of restorations on the occlusal surface, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss (CAL), bleeding on probing, and mobility of teeth. Quantitative analysis of total biting force, occlusal contact area and biting pressure (defined by biting force per 1 mm2 of occlusal contact area) was performed using microcapsular pressure-sensitive sheets. Results: A multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that total biting force and occlusal contact area were positively associated with the number of present teeth and negatively associated with female gender, mean CAL and mean probing pocket depth. Biting pressure was positively associated with CAL. Conclusions: Reduced periodontal support was found to be associated with decreased total biting force and with increased biting pressure (defined as force per 1 mm 2 of occlusal contact area).",
keywords = "Biting force, Biting pressure, Maintenance phase, Occlusal contact area, Periodontal treatment, Periodontitis",
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AU - Yamamoto, Tatsuo

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N2 - Aim: The association between periodontal status and biting force is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between periodontal status and biting force in patients with chronic periodontitis during the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment. Material and Methods: A total of 198 patients, who had entered a periodontal maintenance programme, were examined for the presence of restorations on the occlusal surface, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss (CAL), bleeding on probing, and mobility of teeth. Quantitative analysis of total biting force, occlusal contact area and biting pressure (defined by biting force per 1 mm2 of occlusal contact area) was performed using microcapsular pressure-sensitive sheets. Results: A multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that total biting force and occlusal contact area were positively associated with the number of present teeth and negatively associated with female gender, mean CAL and mean probing pocket depth. Biting pressure was positively associated with CAL. Conclusions: Reduced periodontal support was found to be associated with decreased total biting force and with increased biting pressure (defined as force per 1 mm 2 of occlusal contact area).

AB - Aim: The association between periodontal status and biting force is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between periodontal status and biting force in patients with chronic periodontitis during the maintenance phase of periodontal treatment. Material and Methods: A total of 198 patients, who had entered a periodontal maintenance programme, were examined for the presence of restorations on the occlusal surface, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss (CAL), bleeding on probing, and mobility of teeth. Quantitative analysis of total biting force, occlusal contact area and biting pressure (defined by biting force per 1 mm2 of occlusal contact area) was performed using microcapsular pressure-sensitive sheets. Results: A multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that total biting force and occlusal contact area were positively associated with the number of present teeth and negatively associated with female gender, mean CAL and mean probing pocket depth. Biting pressure was positively associated with CAL. Conclusions: Reduced periodontal support was found to be associated with decreased total biting force and with increased biting pressure (defined as force per 1 mm 2 of occlusal contact area).

KW - Biting force

KW - Biting pressure

KW - Maintenance phase

KW - Occlusal contact area

KW - Periodontal treatment

KW - Periodontitis

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