Correlation between delayed neuronal cell death and selective decrease in phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase expression in the CA1 subfield of the hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia

Yudai Furuta, Takashi Uehara, Yasuyuki Nomura

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Transient forebrain ischemia induces a delayed neuronal death in the CA1 area of the hippocampus. However, the mechanism leading to this phenomenon has yet to be established. The authors used an mRNA differential-display method to isolate genes for which mRNA levels change only in the hippocampus during ischemia/reperfusion. They succeeded in identifying the product of one down-regulated gene as phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase (PI 4-K). Compared with control levels, PI 4-K mRNA expression in the hippocampus, but not the cerebral cortex, was significantly decreased by 30% and about 80% 1 and 7 days after ischemia/reperfusion, respectively. Interestingly, PI 4-K and PI bisphosphate levels were selectively decreased in the CA1 region, but not other regions, whereas TUNEL-positive cells could be detected 3 days after ischemia. Consistent with these results, PI 4-K expression was suppressed by hypoxia in SK-N-MC neuroblastoma cells before loss of cell viability. Overexpression of wild-type PI 4-K, but not the kinase-negative mutant of PI 4-K (K1789A), recovered the loss of viability induced by hypoxia. These findings strongly suggest that a prior decrease in PI 4-K and PI bisphosphate levels caused by brain ischemia/hypoxia is partly involved in delayed neuronal cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)962-971
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes



  • Apoptosis
  • Brain ischemia
  • Down-regulation
  • Neuron
  • PI 4-kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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