Coronary pressure measurement to identify the lesion requiring percutaneous coronary intervention in equivocal tandem lesions

Minoru Hirota, Kohichiro Iwasaki, Keizo Yamamoto, Shozo Kusachi, Kazuyoshi Hina, Satoshi Hirohata, Masaaki Murakami, Shigeshi Kamikawa, Takashi Murakami, Yasushi Shiratori

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: No reliable methods are available for determining application of percutaneous coronary intervention for treatment of equivocal tandem lesions. We investigated whether coronary pressure measurement is useful for determining the lesion that requires percutaneous coronary intervention in tandem lesions. METHODS: We measured coronary pressure in 72 consecutive patients with tandem lesions. Myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFRmyo) was obtained as the ratio of coronary pressure distal to the lesion/aortic pressure under maximal hyperemia. If the FFRmyo across the tandem lesions was ≥ 0.75, we deferred percutaneous coronary intervention for the lesion. When the tandem lesions showed FFRmyo<0.75, percutaneous coronary intervention was performed on the lesion that showed angiographically higher stenosis. When FFRmyo was <0.75 after one-lesion percutaneous coronary intervention, this intervention was carried out on the remaining lesion. RESULTS: We deferred percutaneous coronary intervention for 26 patients (36.1%), and performed percutaneous coronary intervention in 46 patients (63.8%). We performed percutaneous coronary intervention for one lesion in 19 patients (26.4%) and for both lesions in 27 patients (37.5%). Among patients in whom percutaneous coronary intervention was deferred, only two patients (7.7%) required target lesion revascularization during the follow-up period. This rate was not higher than that in the 46 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for one or two lesions (six patients, 13.0%). Similarly, the target lesion revascularization in lesions with initially deferred percutaneous coronary intervention (5.6%, 4/71 lesions) was not higher than that in lesions with percutaneous coronary intervention (15.1%, 11/73 lesions). Major cardiac events, cardiac death and acute myocardial infarction, did not occur in patients with deferred percutaneous coronary intervention and in those with percutaneous coronary intervention during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Our results clearly showed that coronary pressure measurement was clinically useful for identifying equivocal tandem lesions requiring percutaneous coronary intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2006

Keywords

  • Clinical cardiology
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Flow reserve
  • Follow-up study
  • Restenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Hirota, M., Iwasaki, K., Yamamoto, K., Kusachi, S., Hina, K., Hirohata, S., Murakami, M., Kamikawa, S., Murakami, T., & Shiratori, Y. (2006). Coronary pressure measurement to identify the lesion requiring percutaneous coronary intervention in equivocal tandem lesions. Coronary Artery Disease, 17(2), 181-186. https://doi.org/10.1097/00019501-200603000-00013