Coordination State Control of Citric Acid Molecules on Europium(III) Ion-Doped Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles for Highly Efficient Photoluminescence toward Biomedical Applications

Takuya Kataoka, Takumi Hashimoto, Sadaki Samitsu, Zizhen Liu, Motohiro Tagaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We successfully controlled the coordination states of citric acid (Cit) molecules on europium (Eu3+) ion-doped hydroxyapatite (Eu:HA) nanoparticles (NPs) by changing the feed Ca/P molar ratio at the nucleation stage and precisely investigated the effect of Cit states on the photoluminescence (PL) properties of the Cit-coordinated Eu:HA (Cit/Eu:HA) NPs. The increase in the molar ratio of (Ca + Eu) to P significantly increased the coordination amount of Cit on the Eu:HA NP surfaces. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation demonstrated that with the increase in the coordination amount of Cit, the primary Cit/Eu:HA NPs with low crystallinity spherified and the aggregation among the NPs partially occurred, suggesting bond formation between the -COO-of Cit and the Ca2+(or Eu3+, K+) of Eu:HA. The Fourier transform infrared spectra demonstrated that the COO-of Cit is initially substituted with HPO42-on the Cit/Eu:HA NP surfaces, followed by electrostatic adsorption of Cit on the cations (Ca2+, Eu3+, and K+) of the NP surfaces, resulting in the increase of the Cit coordination amount. When the coordination occupancy of Cit molecules exceeded 100%, the molecules would form bonds with the cations such as -COO--Ca2+(or Eu3+or K+)-COO-on the surfaces in the bimolecular coordination state, which was observed as an amorphous surface layer by TEM. In the cation-rich surface environment during NP formation, the existence of the excess Ca2+, Eu3+, and K+ions would be enhanced on the NP surfaces while interacting with COO-in addition to the inclusion state inside the Eu:HA structures. Moreover, the surface Cit layer containing Eu3+formed on the NP surfaces contributed to the effective increase in the PL intensity area and the internal quantum efficiency for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2305-2315
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bioimaging
  • hydroxyapatite nanoparticles
  • inorganic-organic nanohybrids
  • photofunctional interfaces
  • photoluminescent bioceramics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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