Controlling the drying process in vacuum foam drying under low vacuum conditions by inducing foaming by needle stimulation of the solution

Fumihiro Hidaka, Tomo Satoh, Akiho Fujioka, Koji Takeda, Hiroyuki Imanaka, Naoyuki Ishida, Koreyoshi Imamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vacuum foam drying is a promising drying technique but an extremely high vacuum is needed to achieve “foaming.” The findings reported herein show that, when a solution is partially vacuum-dried to 0.05–2 g-solvent/g-dry matter (initial drying) and the solution is then punctured with a steel needle (needle stimulation), vacuum drying resumes as a result of the solution foaming, even under conditions of an insufficient vacuum (ca. 1,000 Pa) where foaming is minimal. Methanol, ethanol, and isopropanol were used as solvents, and sugar and different molecular weight polyvinylpyrrolidone were employed as solutes. The results indicate that needle puncturing introduces minute bubbles, which then triggers foaming.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDrying Technology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Foam drying
  • foaming
  • polyvinylpyrrolidone
  • stimulation
  • sugar
  • vacuum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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