Controlling factors of Ca isotope fractionation in scleractinian corals evaluated by temperature, pH and light controlled culture experiments

Mayuri Takeuchi, Nikolaus Gussone, Yasuko Koga, Akihiro Iwase, Atsushi Suzuki, Kazuhiko Sakai, Hodaka Kawahata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this study, the 44Ca/40Ca ratios of Porites australiensis grown under three different culture experiments composed of temperature, pH and light controlled culture experiments are measured. The temperature dependent isotope fractionation of 0.02‰/°C deduced from this study is similar to inorganic aragonite, but the degree of isotope fractionation is about +0.4‰ offset in corals. These observations agree with earlier results on different coral species, suggesting Ca isotope fractionation during Ca transmembrane transport in corals. While in cultured corals a significant temperature dependence of δ44Ca is observed, the relationships between calcium isotope fractionation and pH as well as light intensity are negligible. Therefore variation of δ44Ca in Porites corals is mainly controlled by temperature. A combination of δ44Ca and Sr/Ca of corals in temperature controlled experiments cannot be explained by Rayleigh type fractionation directly from a fluid, which is seawater-like in terms of δ44Ca and Sr/Ca. Through coral-specific biomineralization processes, overall mean δ44Ca of scleractinian corals including previous studies are different from biogenic aragonites secreted by sclerosponges and pteropods, but are comparable with those of bivalves as well as calcitic coccolithophores and foraminifers. These findings are important for better understanding biomineralization in corals and in order to constrain the Ca isotopic composition of oceanic Ca sinks in response to climate changes and associated with shifts of calcite and aragonite seas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-92
Number of pages13
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 5 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Fractionation
Isotopes
coral
fractionation
isotope
Calcium Carbonate
Biomineralization
experiment
temperature
Experiments
Calcium Isotopes
Temperature
biomineralization
aragonite
Seawater
Climate change
Fluids
light intensity
foraminifera
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Controlling factors of Ca isotope fractionation in scleractinian corals evaluated by temperature, pH and light controlled culture experiments. / Takeuchi, Mayuri; Gussone, Nikolaus; Koga, Yasuko; Iwase, Akihiro; Suzuki, Atsushi; Sakai, Kazuhiko; Kawahata, Hodaka.

In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 167, 05.10.2015, p. 80-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takeuchi, Mayuri ; Gussone, Nikolaus ; Koga, Yasuko ; Iwase, Akihiro ; Suzuki, Atsushi ; Sakai, Kazuhiko ; Kawahata, Hodaka. / Controlling factors of Ca isotope fractionation in scleractinian corals evaluated by temperature, pH and light controlled culture experiments. In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2015 ; Vol. 167. pp. 80-92.
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