Contribution of catechol O-methyltransferase to the removal of accumulated interstitial catecholamines evoked by myocardial ischemia

Yosuke Kuroko, Takafumi Fujii, Toji Yamazaki, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Kozo Ishino, Shunji Sano, Hidezo Mori

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays an important role for clearance of high catecholamine levels. Although myocardial ischemia evokes similar excessive catecholamine accumulation, it is uncertain whether COMT activity is involved in the removal of accumulated catecholamines evoked by myocardial ischemia. We examined how COMT activity affects myocardial catecholamine levels during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. We implanted a dialysis probe into the left ventricular myocardial free wall and measured dialysate catecholamines levels in anesthetized rabbits. Dialysate catecholamine levels served as an index of myocardial interstitial catecholamine levels. We introduced myocardial ischemia by 60 min occlusion of the main coronary artery. The ischemia-induced dialysate catecholamines levels were compared with and without the pretreatment with entacapone (COMT inhibitor, 10 mg/kg, i.p.). Acute myocardial ischemia progressively increased dialysate catecholamine levels. Acute myocardial ischemia increased dialysate norepinephrine (NE) levels (20,453 ± 7186 pg/ml), epinephrine (EPI) levels (1724 ± 706 pg/ml), and dopamine (DA) levels (1807 ± 800 pg/ml) at the last 15 min of coronary occlusion. Inhibition of COMT activity by entacapone augmented the ischemia-induced NE levels (54,306 ± 6618 pg/ml), EPI levels (2681 ± 567 pg/ml), and DA (3551 ± 710 pg/ml) levels at the last 15 min of coronary occlusion. Myocardial ischemia evoked NE, EPI, and DA accumulation in the myocardial interstitial space. The inhibition of COMT activity augmented these increments in NE, EPI, and DA. These data suggest that cardiac COMT activity influences on the removal of accumulated catecholamine during myocardial ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-64
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 11 2005



  • Catechol O-methyltransferase
  • Catecholamine
  • Heart
  • Microdialysis
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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