Contraction properties of the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle

Shoichirou Ishii, Mikihiko Kogo, Seiji Iida, Tadafumi Adachi, Munehiro Hamaguchi, Tokuzo Matsuya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The mechanical contraction property of the superior pharyngeal constrictor (PC) muscle was analyzed and compared with the levator veli palatini (LVP) muscle. Design: Twenty adult dogs anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital were used. Results: The isometric contraction curves of LVP and PC were recorded after direct electric stimulation to each muscle. The contraction time of isometric twitch contraction of the superior PC muscles was 30.3 ± 5.25 msec, and the half relaxation time was 22.97 ± 5.44 msec. The summation curve was observed at a stimulus frequency above 20 Hz of a repetitive pulse stimulus frequency of 85 Hz. Conclusions: The mechanical contraction properties of the PC muscle are similar to those of the LVP, but with more aspects that are characteristic of a fast twitch muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-529
Number of pages4
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Contraction property
  • Palate
  • Speech
  • Superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle
  • Velopharynx

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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