Construction of tomato plants with suppressed endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase activity using CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome editing

Naoko Okamoto, Megumi Maeda, Chiharu Yamamoto, Reo Kodama, Koichi Sugimoto, Yoshihito Shinozaki, Hiroshi Ezura, Yoshinobu Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

High mannose-type free N-glycans with a single N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) residue at the reducing end (GN1-HMT-FNGs) are produced by cytosolic endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (EC:3.2.1.96) (ENGase) and are ubiquitous in differentiating and growing plant cells. To elucidate the physiological functions of HMT-FNGs in plants, we identified the ENGase gene in tomato (Solyc06g050930) and detected ENGase activity and increased production of GN1-HMT-FNGs during tomato fruit maturation. However, the precise role of GN1-HMT-FNGs in fruit maturation remains unclear. In this study, we established tomato ENGase mutants with suppressed ENGase activity via CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology. DNA sequencing of the Δeng mutants (T0 and T1 generations) revealed that they had the same mutations in the genomic DNA around the target sequences. Three null CRISPR/Cas9 segregant plants of the T1 generation (Δeng1-2, −22, and −26) were used to measure ENGase activity and analyze the structural features of HMT-FNGs in the leaves. The Δeng mutants did not exhibit ENGase activity and produced GN2-HMT-FNGs bearing tow GlcNAc residues at the reducing end side instead of GN1-HMT-FNGs. The Δeng mutants lack the N-terminal region of ENGase, indicating that the N-terminal region is important for full ENGase activity. The fruits of Δeng mutants (T2 generation) also showed loss of ENGase activity and similar structural features of HMT-FNGs of the T1 generation. However, there was no significant difference in fruit maturation between the T2 generation of the Δeng mutants and the wild type. The Δeng mutants rich in GN2-HMT-FNGs could be offered as a new tomato that is different from wild type containing GN1-HMT-FNGs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-211
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume190
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2022

Keywords

  • endo-β-N-Acetylglucosaminidase
  • Free N-Glycans
  • Micro-tom
  • Peptide: N-Glycanase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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