Conceptualization and measurement of beliefs about failure

Hlroshi Ikeda, Ryo Misawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study aimed to develop a scale to measure beliefs about failure, that is, individual differences in positive and negative value beliefs about experiences of failure, and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale. In Study 1, items were developed on the basis of an extensive literature review and responses to open-ended questions. The scale was then completed by 246 undergraduates; their responses were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis. The results revealed that the scale had the following 4 factors: negative affective valence of failure, learning orientation, need to avoid failure, and perceived probability of occurrence of failure. In Study 2, 759 undergraduates completed the scale; analysis of their responses confirmed the scales validity and reliability, including adequate internal consistency and test-retest reliability. In Study 3, 187 undergraduates completed a questionnaire on hypothetical failure situations. The results suggested that the participants beliefs about failure determined their causal attributions for negative events and their subsequent coping behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-379
Number of pages13
JournalJapanese Journal of Educational Psychology
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reproducibility of Results
Psychological Adaptation
Individuality
Statistical Factor Analysis
Learning
coping behavior
attribution
factor analysis
questionnaire
event
learning
experience

Keywords

  • Beliefs about failure
  • Experience of failure
  • Reliability
  • Scale development
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Conceptualization and measurement of beliefs about failure. / Ikeda, Hlroshi; Misawa, Ryo.

In: Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 60, No. 4, 2012, p. 367-379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1d7dbe881481475ead5f5eb6800cd48c,
title = "Conceptualization and measurement of beliefs about failure",
abstract = "The present study aimed to develop a scale to measure beliefs about failure, that is, individual differences in positive and negative value beliefs about experiences of failure, and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale. In Study 1, items were developed on the basis of an extensive literature review and responses to open-ended questions. The scale was then completed by 246 undergraduates; their responses were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis. The results revealed that the scale had the following 4 factors: negative affective valence of failure, learning orientation, need to avoid failure, and perceived probability of occurrence of failure. In Study 2, 759 undergraduates completed the scale; analysis of their responses confirmed the scales validity and reliability, including adequate internal consistency and test-retest reliability. In Study 3, 187 undergraduates completed a questionnaire on hypothetical failure situations. The results suggested that the participants beliefs about failure determined their causal attributions for negative events and their subsequent coping behavior.",
keywords = "Beliefs about failure, Experience of failure, Reliability, Scale development, Validity",
author = "Hlroshi Ikeda and Ryo Misawa",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.5926/jjep.60.367",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "367--379",
journal = "Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology",
issn = "0021-5015",
publisher = "Japanese Association of Educational Psychology",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conceptualization and measurement of beliefs about failure

AU - Ikeda, Hlroshi

AU - Misawa, Ryo

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The present study aimed to develop a scale to measure beliefs about failure, that is, individual differences in positive and negative value beliefs about experiences of failure, and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale. In Study 1, items were developed on the basis of an extensive literature review and responses to open-ended questions. The scale was then completed by 246 undergraduates; their responses were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis. The results revealed that the scale had the following 4 factors: negative affective valence of failure, learning orientation, need to avoid failure, and perceived probability of occurrence of failure. In Study 2, 759 undergraduates completed the scale; analysis of their responses confirmed the scales validity and reliability, including adequate internal consistency and test-retest reliability. In Study 3, 187 undergraduates completed a questionnaire on hypothetical failure situations. The results suggested that the participants beliefs about failure determined their causal attributions for negative events and their subsequent coping behavior.

AB - The present study aimed to develop a scale to measure beliefs about failure, that is, individual differences in positive and negative value beliefs about experiences of failure, and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale. In Study 1, items were developed on the basis of an extensive literature review and responses to open-ended questions. The scale was then completed by 246 undergraduates; their responses were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis. The results revealed that the scale had the following 4 factors: negative affective valence of failure, learning orientation, need to avoid failure, and perceived probability of occurrence of failure. In Study 2, 759 undergraduates completed the scale; analysis of their responses confirmed the scales validity and reliability, including adequate internal consistency and test-retest reliability. In Study 3, 187 undergraduates completed a questionnaire on hypothetical failure situations. The results suggested that the participants beliefs about failure determined their causal attributions for negative events and their subsequent coping behavior.

KW - Beliefs about failure

KW - Experience of failure

KW - Reliability

KW - Scale development

KW - Validity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878800578&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84878800578&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5926/jjep.60.367

DO - 10.5926/jjep.60.367

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 367

EP - 379

JO - Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology

JF - Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology

SN - 0021-5015

IS - 4

ER -