Computational evaluation of elasto-viscoplastic deformation and strength of rubber blended semi-crystalline polymer

Makoto Uchida, Naoya Tada, Yoshihiro Tomita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to clarify the elasto-viscoplastic deformation behavior and strength of rubber blended semi-crystalline polymer, micro- to mesoscopic mechanical behavior was modeled by using large deformation finite element homogenization method. In this model, dimension of mesostructure is identified by the volume fraction of interface region around the rubber particles. The effects of strain rate and the size of rubber particles on the mesoscopic true stress-strain relation, strain rate distribution in mesoscopic area, and change in mesoscopic morphology with deformation are investigated by numerical simulation of uniaxial tensile deformation of semi-crystalline polymer with nonuniformly distributed rubber particles. A series of computational simulations clarified that mechanical behavior of blend polymer is strongly affected by the size of rubber particles. Mesoscopic true stress-strain relationship shows softening for blend polymer with large rubber particles, which is closely related to the distribution of strain rate on mesoscopic scale. When the rubber particles are large, local strain rate is highly concentrated in the ligament area between adjacent rubber particles, while it distributes in larger area of semi-crystalline polymer matrix in case of small rubber particles. The difference in these localized deformation leads to characteristic change in the size and shape of rubber particles with straining. Nonuniform deformation in mesoscopic area caused by heterogeneous rubber particle distribution is emphasized by high strain rate and large rubber particles. Furthermore, maximum mean stress generated in semi-crystalline polymer matrix is very high when the size of rubber particles is smaller than or ligament thickness is larger than a specific value. The specific thickness corresponds to the critical value for brittle-ductile transition of rubber blended semi-crystalline polymer obtained by impact test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-374
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Damage Mechanics
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Computational simulation
  • FEM
  • Homogenization method
  • Lamellar orientation
  • Multiscale
  • Rubber blended semi-crystalline polymer
  • Rubber particle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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