Complete primary structures of two major murine serum amyloid A proteins deduced from cDNA sequences

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Abstract

cDNA clones encoding two major mouse serum amyloid A proteins, SAA1 and SAA2, were isolated from a liver cDNA library of the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BALB/c mouse, and their nucleotide sequences were determined. The insert of the SAA2 cDNA clone contained 607 nucleotides with a 5' untranslated region of 36 nucleotides, a signal peptide region corresponding to 19 amino acids, a mature protein region corresponding to 103 amino acids, and a 3' untranslated region of 202 nucleotides. The SAA1 cDNA insert contained 549 nucleotides specifying a part of a signal peptide region, a mature protein region, and a 3' untranslated region. A comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of SAA1 cDNA with that of SAA2 cDNA showed a high degree of homology: 95% nucleotide sequence homology in the coding region (91% amino acid sequence homology) and 90% homology in the 3' untranslated region. One of nine amino acid differences between SAA1 and SAA2 predicted from the cDNA sequences was located in a putative proteolytic cleavage site for amyloid A protein formation: SAA2 had the Thr-Met sequence in this site, while SAA1 had the Thr-Ile sequence. This suggests that SAA1, which does not deposit as amyloid A protein, is also potentially susceptible to putative proteolytic enzymes. In addition, as compared with mouse SAA2, human SAA1, monkey and mink amyloid A protein, mouse SAA1 had two unique substitutions, which may play a role in differential deposition of mouse SAA isotypes in amyloid tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2915-2919
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume82
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Serum Amyloid A Protein
Complementary DNA
Nucleotides
3' Untranslated Regions
Protein Sorting Signals
Amino Acids
Clone Cells
Mink
Amino Acid Sequence Homology
5' Untranslated Regions
Sequence Homology
Gene Library
Amyloid
Haplorhini
Lipopolysaccharides
Amino Acid Sequence
Proteins
Peptide Hydrolases
Liver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Complete primary structures of two major murine serum amyloid A proteins deduced from cDNA sequences",
abstract = "cDNA clones encoding two major mouse serum amyloid A proteins, SAA1 and SAA2, were isolated from a liver cDNA library of the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BALB/c mouse, and their nucleotide sequences were determined. The insert of the SAA2 cDNA clone contained 607 nucleotides with a 5' untranslated region of 36 nucleotides, a signal peptide region corresponding to 19 amino acids, a mature protein region corresponding to 103 amino acids, and a 3' untranslated region of 202 nucleotides. The SAA1 cDNA insert contained 549 nucleotides specifying a part of a signal peptide region, a mature protein region, and a 3' untranslated region. A comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of SAA1 cDNA with that of SAA2 cDNA showed a high degree of homology: 95{\%} nucleotide sequence homology in the coding region (91{\%} amino acid sequence homology) and 90{\%} homology in the 3' untranslated region. One of nine amino acid differences between SAA1 and SAA2 predicted from the cDNA sequences was located in a putative proteolytic cleavage site for amyloid A protein formation: SAA2 had the Thr-Met sequence in this site, while SAA1 had the Thr-Ile sequence. This suggests that SAA1, which does not deposit as amyloid A protein, is also potentially susceptible to putative proteolytic enzymes. In addition, as compared with mouse SAA2, human SAA1, monkey and mink amyloid A protein, mouse SAA1 had two unique substitutions, which may play a role in differential deposition of mouse SAA isotypes in amyloid tissues.",
author = "Ken-ichi Yamamoto and S. Migita",
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T1 - Complete primary structures of two major murine serum amyloid A proteins deduced from cDNA sequences

AU - Yamamoto, Ken-ichi

AU - Migita, S.

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N2 - cDNA clones encoding two major mouse serum amyloid A proteins, SAA1 and SAA2, were isolated from a liver cDNA library of the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BALB/c mouse, and their nucleotide sequences were determined. The insert of the SAA2 cDNA clone contained 607 nucleotides with a 5' untranslated region of 36 nucleotides, a signal peptide region corresponding to 19 amino acids, a mature protein region corresponding to 103 amino acids, and a 3' untranslated region of 202 nucleotides. The SAA1 cDNA insert contained 549 nucleotides specifying a part of a signal peptide region, a mature protein region, and a 3' untranslated region. A comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of SAA1 cDNA with that of SAA2 cDNA showed a high degree of homology: 95% nucleotide sequence homology in the coding region (91% amino acid sequence homology) and 90% homology in the 3' untranslated region. One of nine amino acid differences between SAA1 and SAA2 predicted from the cDNA sequences was located in a putative proteolytic cleavage site for amyloid A protein formation: SAA2 had the Thr-Met sequence in this site, while SAA1 had the Thr-Ile sequence. This suggests that SAA1, which does not deposit as amyloid A protein, is also potentially susceptible to putative proteolytic enzymes. In addition, as compared with mouse SAA2, human SAA1, monkey and mink amyloid A protein, mouse SAA1 had two unique substitutions, which may play a role in differential deposition of mouse SAA isotypes in amyloid tissues.

AB - cDNA clones encoding two major mouse serum amyloid A proteins, SAA1 and SAA2, were isolated from a liver cDNA library of the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BALB/c mouse, and their nucleotide sequences were determined. The insert of the SAA2 cDNA clone contained 607 nucleotides with a 5' untranslated region of 36 nucleotides, a signal peptide region corresponding to 19 amino acids, a mature protein region corresponding to 103 amino acids, and a 3' untranslated region of 202 nucleotides. The SAA1 cDNA insert contained 549 nucleotides specifying a part of a signal peptide region, a mature protein region, and a 3' untranslated region. A comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of SAA1 cDNA with that of SAA2 cDNA showed a high degree of homology: 95% nucleotide sequence homology in the coding region (91% amino acid sequence homology) and 90% homology in the 3' untranslated region. One of nine amino acid differences between SAA1 and SAA2 predicted from the cDNA sequences was located in a putative proteolytic cleavage site for amyloid A protein formation: SAA2 had the Thr-Met sequence in this site, while SAA1 had the Thr-Ile sequence. This suggests that SAA1, which does not deposit as amyloid A protein, is also potentially susceptible to putative proteolytic enzymes. In addition, as compared with mouse SAA2, human SAA1, monkey and mink amyloid A protein, mouse SAA1 had two unique substitutions, which may play a role in differential deposition of mouse SAA isotypes in amyloid tissues.

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