Competing phases in the superconducting state of La2-xSrxCuO4: Temperature- and magnetic-field-dependent quasiparticle relaxation measurements

G. Bianchi, C. Chen, Minoru Nohara, H. Takagi, J. F. Ryan

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present femtosecond time-resolved measurements of the quasiparticle dynamics in La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) as a function of the temperature and applied magnetic field. Temperature-dependent data correlate with independent equilibrium measurements of superfluid density and charge dynamics. At low temperature, the induced reflectivity transient is established in a two-step process. We propose that this behavior results from the coexistence of two energy scales in the superconducting state of LSCO: the superconducting (SC) gap and a partial gap at higher energy that decrease with increasing doping and vanish in overdoped material. Measurements under applied magnetic field indicate that, in the SC state, the response is remarkably sensitive to a c-axis field. We show that this is due to the development of nonsuperconducting regions of size ∼130 surrounding vortex cores. The data show that a partial gap persists in these regions, suggesting that this gap is associated with electronic correlations competing with superconductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number094516
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume72
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Temperature distribution
temperature distribution
Magnetic fields
magnetic fields
Superconductivity
Time measurement
Temperature
Vortex flow
Doping (additives)
superconductivity
time measurement
vortices
reflectance
temperature
energy
electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Competing phases in the superconducting state of La2-xSrxCuO4: Temperature- and magnetic-field-dependent quasiparticle relaxation measurements",
abstract = "We present femtosecond time-resolved measurements of the quasiparticle dynamics in La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) as a function of the temperature and applied magnetic field. Temperature-dependent data correlate with independent equilibrium measurements of superfluid density and charge dynamics. At low temperature, the induced reflectivity transient is established in a two-step process. We propose that this behavior results from the coexistence of two energy scales in the superconducting state of LSCO: the superconducting (SC) gap and a partial gap at higher energy that decrease with increasing doping and vanish in overdoped material. Measurements under applied magnetic field indicate that, in the SC state, the response is remarkably sensitive to a c-axis field. We show that this is due to the development of nonsuperconducting regions of size ∼130 surrounding vortex cores. The data show that a partial gap persists in these regions, suggesting that this gap is associated with electronic correlations competing with superconductivity.",
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T1 - Competing phases in the superconducting state of La2-xSrxCuO4

T2 - Temperature- and magnetic-field-dependent quasiparticle relaxation measurements

AU - Bianchi, G.

AU - Chen, C.

AU - Nohara, Minoru

AU - Takagi, H.

AU - Ryan, J. F.

PY - 2005/9/1

Y1 - 2005/9/1

N2 - We present femtosecond time-resolved measurements of the quasiparticle dynamics in La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) as a function of the temperature and applied magnetic field. Temperature-dependent data correlate with independent equilibrium measurements of superfluid density and charge dynamics. At low temperature, the induced reflectivity transient is established in a two-step process. We propose that this behavior results from the coexistence of two energy scales in the superconducting state of LSCO: the superconducting (SC) gap and a partial gap at higher energy that decrease with increasing doping and vanish in overdoped material. Measurements under applied magnetic field indicate that, in the SC state, the response is remarkably sensitive to a c-axis field. We show that this is due to the development of nonsuperconducting regions of size ∼130 surrounding vortex cores. The data show that a partial gap persists in these regions, suggesting that this gap is associated with electronic correlations competing with superconductivity.

AB - We present femtosecond time-resolved measurements of the quasiparticle dynamics in La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) as a function of the temperature and applied magnetic field. Temperature-dependent data correlate with independent equilibrium measurements of superfluid density and charge dynamics. At low temperature, the induced reflectivity transient is established in a two-step process. We propose that this behavior results from the coexistence of two energy scales in the superconducting state of LSCO: the superconducting (SC) gap and a partial gap at higher energy that decrease with increasing doping and vanish in overdoped material. Measurements under applied magnetic field indicate that, in the SC state, the response is remarkably sensitive to a c-axis field. We show that this is due to the development of nonsuperconducting regions of size ∼130 surrounding vortex cores. The data show that a partial gap persists in these regions, suggesting that this gap is associated with electronic correlations competing with superconductivity.

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