### Abstract

A clique of a graph G (V, E) is a subset of V such that every pair of vertices is connected by an edge in E. Finding a maximum clique of an arbitrary graph is a well-known NP-complete problem. Recently, several polynomial time "energy-descent optimization" algorithms have been proposed for approximating the maximum clique problem, where they seek a solution by minimizing the energy function representing the constraints and the goal function. In this paper, we propose the binary neural network as an efficient synchronous energy-descent optimization algorithm. Through two types of random graphs, we compare the performance of four promising energy-descent optimization algorithms. The simulation results show that "RaCLIQUE," the modified Boltzmann machine algorithm, is the best asynchronous algorithm for random graphs, while the binary neural network is the best one for k random cliques graphs.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 452-459 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences |

Volume | E79-A |

Issue number | 4 |

Publication status | Published - 1996 |

Externally published | Yes |

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### Keywords

- Algorithm
- Energy-descent optimization
- Maximum clique
- Neural network
- Np-complete

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Hardware and Architecture
- Information Systems

### Cite this

*IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences*,

*E79-A*(4), 452-459.